What is the Gold Medal of Military Valour (Italy)?

Introduction The Gold Medal of Military Valour (Italian: Medaglia d’oro al valor militare) is an Italian medal established on 21 May 1793 by King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia for deeds of outstanding gallantry in war by junior officers and soldiers. The face of the medal displayed the profile of the king, and on its… Read More


Who was Filippo Illuminato?

Introduction Filippo Illuminato (21 August 1930 to 28 September 1943) was an Italian partisan who died attacking Nazi German troops during the Four days of Naples in World War II. He was posthumously awarded the Gold Medal of Military Valour, Italy’s highest award for gallantry. Background On 03 September 1943, the Allies and the Kingdom… Read More