What is the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Programme?

Introduction “The concept of manipulating Mother Nature for the sake of military advantage may appear out of reach or vain…but think again. There are multiple examples of such tactics around the world. Most are for non-military purposes, but some nations have experimented with weather and warfare in the past.” (Vivek Prabhu, NATO Association of Canada,… Read More


What is the Simulation Interoperability Standards Organisation?

Introduction The Simulation Interoperability Standards Organisation (SISO) is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of modelling and simulation interoperability and reuse for the benefit of diverse modelling and simulation communities, including developers, procurers, and users, worldwide. Brief History SISO originated with a small conference held between 26 and 27 April 1989, called, “Interactive Networked Simulation… Read More

What was Project Excalibur?

Introduction Project Excalibur was a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Cold War-era research programme to develop an X-ray laser system as a ballistic missile defence (BMD) for the United States. The concept involved packing large numbers of expendable X-ray lasers around a nuclear device, which would orbit in space. During an attack, the device would… Read More

What is DARPA?

Introduction The Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development agency of the United States Department of Defence responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military. Originally known as the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), the agency was created on 07 February 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower… Read More