What are the Helsinki Accords (1975)?

Introduction The Helsinki Final Act, also known as Helsinki Accords or Helsinki Declaration was the document signed at the closing meeting of the third phase of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland, between 30 July and 01 August 1975, following two years of negotiations known as the Helsinki… Read More

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What is the OSCE Minsk Group?

Introduction The OSCE Minsk Group was created in 1992 by the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), now the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), to encourage a peaceful, negotiated resolution to the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh. Founding and Members The Helsinki Additional Meeting of the CSCE Council… Read More

What is the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe?

Introduction The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world’s largest regional security-oriented intergovernmental organisation with observer status at the United Nations. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and free and fair elections. It employs around 3,460 people, mostly in its field… Read More