What was the Battle of Ujście (1655)?

Introduction The Battle of Ujście was fought on 24-25 July 1655 between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth commanded by Krzysztof Opaliński and Andrzej Grudziński on one side, and on the other Swedish forces commanded by Arvid Wittenberg. Krzysztof Opaliński and Bogusław Leszczyński, dissatisfied with policies of King John II Casimir of Poland, decided to become… Read More


What was the Second Northern War (1655-1660)?

Introduction The Second Northern War (1655-1660, also First or Little Northern War; and one of several Northern Wars) was fought between Sweden and its adversaries the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1655-1660), the Moscow Tsardom (1656-1658), Brandenburg-Prussia (1657-1660), the Habsburg Monarchy (1657-1660) and Denmark-Norway (1657-1658 and 1658-1660). The Dutch Republic often intervened against Sweden in an informal trade… Read More