What was the Battle of Nyborg (1659)?

Introduction The Battle of Nyborg was a battle fought between Sweden and the combined forces of Denmark, Dutch naval forces under Michiel de Ruyter, troops of Brandenburg-Prussia, and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under Stefan Czarniecki. Part of the Second Northern War, 1655-1660. The Battle The battle was engaged on 14 November 1659 at Nyborg on the… Read More

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The Second Northern War and Norway

Introduction In the Second Northern War from 1655 to 1660, during the reign of Charles X, Sweden was set on expansion. Through military action, Sweden rapidly became the strongest military power in the north. Background Frederick III was suffering under the humiliating loss of traditional Danish provinces to Sweden in 1645. As Charles X appeared… Read More

What was the Battle of the Sound (1658)?

Introduction The naval Battle of the Sound took place on 08 November 1658 during the Second Northern War, near the Sound or Øresund, just north of the Danish capital, Copenhagen. Sweden had invaded Denmark and an army under Charles X of Sweden had Copenhagen itself under siege. The Dutch fleet was sent to prevent Sweden… Read More

What was the Battle of Walk (1657)?

Introduction The Battle of Walk on 08 July 1657 between forces of Sweden commanded by Friedrich von Löwen on one side, and Russian forces led by stolnik Matvey Sheremetyev, who for the first time in his career commanded an army by himself, on the other side. Part of the Second Northern War, 1655-1660. The Battle… Read More

What was the Siege of Kraków (1657)?

Introduction The Siege of Kraków was one of the military conflicts of the Swedish and Transylvanian invasion of Poland, which took place in the summer of 1657. The royal city of Kraków, had been occupied for two years by a Swedish-Transylvanian garrison led by Paul Wirtz and János Bethlen. It was besieged by Polish Army… Read More

What was the Battle of Czarny Ostrow (1657)?

Introduction The Battle of Czarny Ostrów took place on 20 July 1657, during the period in Polish history known as the Deluge. The Polish Crown army commanded by Hetmans Stefan Czarniecki, Jerzy Lubomirski and Stanisław Potocki, supported by Crimean Tatars, defeated a Transilvanian-Cossack-Moldavian-Wallachian army under George II Rakoczi. Part of the Second Northern War, 1655-1660.… Read More

What was the Battle of Magierów (1657)?

Introduction The Battle of Magierów took place on 11 July 1657, during the period in Polish history known as the Swedish Deluge. Polish army commanded by Stefan Czarniecki, and supported by Crimean Tatars, defeated a Transilvanian-Cossack-Moldavian-Wallachian army of George II Rákóczi. Part of the Second Northern War, 1655-1660. Background In late January 1657, following the… Read More