Who was Saburo Sakai?

Introduction Sub-Lieutenant Saburō Sakai (坂井 三郎, Sakai Saburō, 25 August 1916 to 22 September 2000) was a Japanese naval aviator and flying ace (“Gekitsui-O”, 撃墜王) of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. Sakai had 28-64 aerial victories (including shared) by official Japanese records, while his autobiography Samurai!, co-written by Martin Caidin and Fred… Read More


What is a Loss Exchange Ratio?

Introduction Loss exchange ratio (LER) is a figure of merit in attrition warfare. It is usually relevant to a condition or state of war where one side depletes the resources of another through attrition. Specifically and most often used as a comparator in aerial combat, where it is known as a kill-ratio. For example, during… Read More