What Was Fuhrer Directive N.30?

Introduction Führer Directive No. 30 (German: Weisung Nr. 30) was a directive issued by German dictator Adolf Hitler during World War II. It ordered German support for Iraq’s Arab nationalists, who were fighting the British. Background Refer to 1941 Iraqi coup d’état and Anglo-Iraqi War (1941). Führer Directive No.30 dealt with German intervention in support… Read More


What was Iraqforce?

Introduction Iraqforce was a British and Commonwealth formation that came together in the Kingdom of Iraq. The formation fought in the Middle East during World War II. Background During World War I, the British Army defeated the Ottoman Army in the Middle East during the Mesopotamian Campaign. Subsequently, the League of Nations designated Mesopotamia as… Read More

What was the Anglo-Iraqi War (1941)?

Introduction The Anglo-Iraqi War was a British-led Allied military campaign during the Second World War against the Kingdom of Iraq under Rashid Ali, who had seized power in the 1941 Iraqi coup d’état, with assistance from Germany and Italy. The campaign resulted in the downfall of Ali’s government, the re-occupation of Iraq by the British,… Read More

What was the 1941 Iraqi Coup D’etat?

Introduction The 1941 Iraqi coup d’état (Arabic: ثورة رشيد عالي الكيلاني‎, Thawrah Rašīd ʿAlī al-Kaylānī), also called the Rashid Ali Al-Gaylani coup or the Golden Square coup, was a nationalist coup d’état in Iraq on 01 April 1941 that overthrew the pro-British regime of Regent ‘Abd al-Ilah and his Prime Minister Nuri al-Said and installed… Read More