On This Day … 06 September [2022]


  • 394 – Battle of the Frigidus: Roman emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills Eugenius the usurper.
    • His Frankish magister militum Arbogast escapes but commits suicide two days later.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from La Gomera in the Canary Islands, his final port of call before crossing the Atlantic Ocean for the first time.
  • 1522 – The Victoria returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, the only surviving ship of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition and the first known ship to circumnavigate the world.
  • 1620 – The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England on the Mayflower to settle in North America. (Old Style date; 16 September per New Style date.)
  • 1634 – Thirty Years’ War: In the Battle of Nördlingen, the Catholic Imperial army defeats Swedish and German Protestant forces.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting in a British victory.
  • 1803 – British scientist John Dalton begins using symbols to represent the atoms of different elements.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant bloodlessly capture Paducah, Kentucky, giving the Union control of the Tennessee River’s mouth.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederate forces evacuate Battery Wagner and Morris Island in South Carolina.
  • 1885 – Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria, thus accomplishing Bulgarian unification.
  • 1914 – World War I: The First Battle of the Marne, which would halt the Imperial German Army’s advance into France, begins.
  • 1930 – Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.
  • 1936 – Spanish Civil War: The Interprovincial Council of Asturias and León is established.
  • 1939 – World War II: The British Royal Air Force suffers its first fighter pilot casualty of the Second World War at the Battle of Barking Creek as a result of friendly fire.
  • 1939 – World War II: South Africa declares war on Germany.
  • 1940 – King Carol II of Romania abdicates and is succeeded by his son Michael. General Ion Antonescu becomes the Conducător of Romania.
  • 1944 – World War II: The city of Ypres, Belgium is liberated by Allied forces.
  • 1944 – World War II: Soviet forces capture the city of Tartu, Estonia.
  • 1946 – United States Secretary of State James F. Byrnes announces that the US will follow a policy of economic reconstruction in post-war Germany.
  • 1962 – The United States government begins the Exercise Spade Fork nuclear readiness drill.
  • 1965 – India retaliates following Pakistan’s Operation Grand Slam which results in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 that ends in a stalemate followed by the signing of the Tashkent Declaration.
  • 1968 – Swaziland becomes independent.
  • 1972 – Munich massacre: Nine Israeli athletes die (along with a German policeman) at the hands of the Palestinian “Black September” terrorist group after being taken hostage at the Munich Olympic Games.
    • Two other Israeli athletes were slain in the initial attack the previous day.
  • 1976 – Cold War: Soviet Air Defence Forces pilot Viktor Belenko lands a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate in Japan and requests political asylum in the United States; his request is granted.
  • 1983 – The Soviet Union admits to shooting down Korean Air Lines Flight 007, stating that its operatives did not know that it was a civilian aircraft when it reportedly violated Soviet airspace.
  • 1991 – The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
  • 1991 – The Russian parliament approves the name change of Leningrad back to Saint Petersburg.
    • The change is effective 01 October 1991.
  • 2007 – Israel executes the air strike Operation Orchard to destroy a nuclear reactor in Syria.
  • Armed Forces Day (São Tomé and Príncipe).
  • Defence Day or Army Day (Pakistan).
  • Independence Day (Swaziland), celebrates the independence of Eswatini from the United Kingdom in 1968.
  • Unification Day (Bulgaria).

People (Births)

  • 1757 – Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French general (d. 1834).
  • 1815 – St. John Richardson Liddell, American general (d. 1870).
  • 1819 – William Rosecrans, American general, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Mexico (d. 1898).
  • 1838 – Samuel Arnold, American conspirator (d. 1906).
  • 1852 – Schalk Willem Burger, South African commander, lawyer, and politician, 6th President of the South African Republic (d. 1918).
  • 1893 – Claire Lee Chennault, American general and pilot (d. 1958).
  • 1917 – Philipp von Boeselager, German soldier and economist (d. 2008).
  • 1921 – Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor, co-created the bar code (d. 2012).
  • 1965 – Darren Clark, Australian sprinter.
  • 1967 – Milan Lukić, Bosnian Serb convicted of war crimes by the International Criminal Court for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
  • 1969 – Michellie Jones, Australian-American triathlete.
  • 1976 – Tom Pappas, American decathlete and coach.
  • 1997 – Mallory Comerford, American swimmer.

People (Deaths)

  • 1431 – Demetrios Laskaris Leontares, Byzantine admiral and diplomat.
  • 1511 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shōgun (b. 1481).
  • 1553 – Juan de Homedes y Coscon, 47th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c.1477).
  • 1885 – Narcís Monturiol, Spanish engineer, designed the Ictineo I and Ictineo II (pioneering submarines) (b. 1819).
  • 1919 – Lord Charles Beresford, English admiral and politician (b. 1846).
  • 1945 – John S. McCain Sr., American admiral (b. 1884).
  • 1990 – Len Hutton, English cricketer and soldier (b. 1916).
  • 2000 – Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general and politician (b. 1918).
  • 2015 – Calvin J. Spann, American general and pilot (b. 1924).

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