On This Day … 30 June [2022]

Events

  • 763 – The Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeats the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.
  • 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
  • 1521 – Spanish forces defeat a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.
  • 1598 – The Spanish held Castillo San Felipe del Morro in San Juan, Puerto Rico having been besieged for fifteen days, surrenders to an English force under Sir George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland.
  • 1651 – The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising: The Battle of Berestechko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 – The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Habsburg Austrian forces destroy a Prussian reinforcement and supply convoy in the Battle of Domstadtl, helping to expel Prussian King Frederick the Great from Moravia.
  • 1794 – Northwest Indian War: Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.
  • 1916 – World War I: In “the day Sussex died”, elements of the Royal Sussex Regiment take heavy casualties in the Battle of the Boar’s Head at Richebourg-l’Avoué in France.
  • 1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
  • 1936 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appeals for aid to the League of Nations against Italy’s invasion of his country.
  • 1937 – The world’s first emergency telephone number, 999, is introduced in London.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1959 – A United States Air Force F-100 Super Sabre from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, crashes into a nearby elementary school, killing 11 students plus six residents from the local neighbourhood.
  • 1960 – Belgian Congo gains independence as Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville).
  • 1963 – Ciaculli bombing: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police officers and military personnel near Palermo.
  • 1977 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation disbands.
  • 1989 – A coup d’état in Sudan deposes the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi and President Ahmed al-Mirghani.
  • 1990 – East Germany and West Germany merge their economies.
  • 1997 – The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to China.
  • 2015 – A Hercules C-130 military aircraft with 113 people on board crashes in a residential area in Medan, Indonesia, resulting in at least 116 deaths.
  • Armed Forces Day (Guatemala).
  • Navy Day (Israel).

People (Births)

  • 1641 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, German-English general (d. 1719).
  • 1893 – Walter Ulbricht, German soldier and politician (d. 1973).
  • 1907 – Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian general and politician (d. 1950).
  • 1914 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, Portuguese general and politician, 15th President of Portugal (d. 2001).
  • 1924 – Max Trepp, Swiss sprinter.
  • 1935 – John Harlin, US force pilot and mountaineer (d. 1966).
  • 1938 – Billy Mills, American sprinter.
  • 1942 – Robert Ballard, American lieutenant and oceanographer.
  • 1956 – Volker Beck, German hurdler and coach.
  • 1963 – Olha Bryzhina, Ukrainian sprinter.
  • 1969 – Uta Rohländer, German sprinter.
  • 1972 – Sandra Cam, Belgian swimmer.
  • 1974 – Hezekiél Sepeng, South African runner.
  • 1978 – Patrick Ivuti, Kenyan runner.
  • 1979 – Sylvain Chavanel, French cyclist.
  • 1983 – Marcus Burghardt, German cyclist.
  • 1985 – Michael Phelps, American swimmer.
  • 1987 – Andrew Hedgman, New Zealand runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1785 – James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (b. 1696).
  • 1934 – Karl Ernst, German soldier (b. 1904).
  • 1934 – Erich Klausener, German soldier and politician (b. 1885).
  • 1934 – Gregor Strasser, German lieutenant and politician (b. 1892).
  • 1934 – Kurt von Schleicher, German general and politician, 23rd Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882).
  • 1941 – Aleksander Tõnisson, Estonian general and politician, 5th Estonian Minister of War (b. 1875).
  • 1971 – Georgy Dobrovolsky Ukrainian pilot and astronaut (b. 1928).
  • 1995 – Georgy Beregovoy, Ukrainian general and astronaut (b. 1921).
  • 2015 – Charles W. Bagnal, American general (b. 1934).
Advertisements

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.