On This Day … 03 January

Events

  • 1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1777 – American General George Washington defeats British General Lord Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
  • 1815 – Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance against Prussia and Russia.
  • 1833 – Captain James Onslow, in the Clio, reasserts British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
  • 1868 – Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Chōshū seize power.
  • 1871 – In the Battle of Bapaume, an engagement in the Franco-Prussian War, General Louis Faidherbe’s forces bring about a Prussian retreat.
  • 1885 – Sino-French War: Beginning of the Battle of Núi Bop.
  • 1911 – A gun battle in the East End of London leaves two dead. It sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill.
  • 1944 – World War II: US flying ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Vought F4U Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Mitsubishi A6M Zero.
  • 1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  • 1958 – The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1961 – Cold War: The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba over the latter’s nationalization of American assets.
  • 1961 – The SL-1 nuclear reactor is destroyed by a steam explosion in the only reactor incident in the United States to cause immediate fatalities.
  • 1961 – A protest by agricultural workers in Baixa de Cassanje, Portuguese Angola, turns into a revolt, opening the Angolan War of Independence, the first of the Portuguese Colonial Wars.
  • 1990 – United States invasion of Panama: Manuel Noriega, former leader of Panama, surrenders to American forces.
  • 1993 – In Moscow, Russia, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
  • 2002 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Israeli forces seize the Palestinian freighter Karine A in the Red Sea, finding 50 tons of weapons.
  • 2015 – Boko Haram militants destroy the entire town of Baga in north-east Nigeria, starting the Baga massacre and killing as many as 2,000 people.
  • 2020 – Iranian General Qasem Soleimani is killed by an American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport, igniting global concerns of a potential armed conflict.
  • Anniversary of the 1966 Coup d’état (Burkina Faso).

People (Births)

  • 1710 – Richard Gridley, American soldier and engineer (d. 1796).
  • 1731 – Angelo Emo, Venetian admiral and statesman (d. 1792).
  • 1836 – Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese samurai and rebel leader (d. 1867).
  • 1862 – Matthew Nathan, English soldier and politician, 13th Governor of Queensland (d. 1939).
  • 1883 – Clement Attlee, English soldier, lawyer, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1967).
  • 1912 – Federico Borrell García, Spanish soldier (d. 1936).
  • 1915 – Jack Levine, American painter and soldier (d. 2010).
  • 1937 – Glen A. Larson, American director, producer, and screenwriter, created Battlestar Galactica (d. 2014).
  • 1974 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist.
  • 1980 – Bryan Clay, American decathlete.
  • 1980 – Mary Wineberg, American sprinter.
  • 1986 – Dana Hussain, Iraqi sprinter.
  • 1994 – Isaquias Queiroz, Brazilian sprint canoeist.

People (Deaths)

  • 1670 – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1608).
  • 1777 – William Leslie, Scottish captain (b. 1751).
  • 1826 – Louis-Gabriel Suchet, French general (b. 1770).
  • 1916 – Grenville M. Dodge, American general and politician (b. 1831).
  • 1931 – Joseph Joffre, French general (b. 1852).
  • 1946 – William Joyce, American-British pro-Axis propaganda broadcaster (b. 1906).
  • 1958 – Cafer Tayyar Eğilmez, Turkish general (b. 1877).
  • 1975 – James McCormack, American general (b. 1910).
  • 2013 – Alfie Fripp, English soldier and pilot (b. 1913).
  • 2013 – William Maxson, American general (b. 1930).
  • 2015 – Edward Brooke, American captain and politician, 47th Massachusetts Attorney General (b. 1919).
  • 2016 – Igor Sergun, Russian general and diplomat (b. 1957).
  • 2020 – Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general, commander of the Iranian Quds Force (b. 1957).
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