On This Day … 29 September

Events

  • 61 BC – Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1011 – Danes capture Canterbury after a siege, taking Ælfheah, archbishop of Canterbury, as a prisoner.
  • 1227 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades.
  • 1267 – The Treaty of Montgomery recognises Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Prince of Wales, but only as a vassal of King Henry III.
  • 1364 – English forces defeat the French in Brittany, ending the War of the Breton Succession.
  • 1578 – Tegucigalpa, capital city of Honduras, is claimed by the Spaniards.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – The Battle of Pákozd is a stalemate between Hungarian and Croatian forces, and is the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
  • 1864 – The Treaty of Lisbon defines the boundaries between Spain and Portugal and abolishes the Couto Misto microstate.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918 – World War I: Bulgaria signs the Armistice of Salonica.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by an Allied attack.
  • 1918 – Germany’s Supreme Army Command tells the Kaiser and the Chancellor to open negotiations for an armistice.
  • 1923 – The British Mandate for Palestine takes effect, creating Mandatory Palestine.
  • 1923 – The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon takes effect.
  • 1923 – The First American Track & Field championships for women are held.
  • 1932 – Chaco War: Last day of the Battle of Boquerón between Paraguay and Bolivia.
  • 1940 – Two Avro Ansons collide in mid-air over New South Wales, Australia, remain locked together, then land safely.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces, with the aid of local Ukrainian collaborators, begin the two-day Babi Yar massacre.
  • 1957 – The Kyshtym disaster is the third-worst nuclear accident ever recorded.
  • 1979 – The dictator Francisco Macias of Equatorial Guinea is shot by soldiers from Western Sahara.
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – A Haitian coup d’état occurs.
  • 2016 – Eleven days after the Uri attack, the Indian Army conducts “surgical strikes” against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.

People (Births)

  • 106 BC – Pompey, Roman general and politician (d. 48 BC).
  • 1460 – Louis II de la Trémoille, French military leader (d. 1525).
  • 1602 – Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland, English military leader (d. 1668).
  • 1678 – Adrien Maurice de Noailles, French soldier and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1766).
  • 1718 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian soldier and politician, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1783).
  • 1725 – Robert Clive, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire (d. 1774).
  • 1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican general, lawyer, and politician, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843).
  • 1803 – Mercator Cooper, American captain and explorer (d. 1872).
  • 1843 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882).
  • 1880 – Liberato Pinto, Portuguese colonel and politician, 79th Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1949).
  • 1899 – László Bíró, Hungarian-Argentinian journalist and inventor, invented the ballpoint pen (d. 1985).
  • 1927 – Pete McCloskey, American colonel and politician.
  • 1928 – Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, English lieutenant, engineer, and politician (d. 2016).
  • 1933 – Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique (d. 1986).
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American captain and politician.
  • 1947 – Gary Wetzel, American soldier, Medal of Honour recipient.

People (Deaths)

  • 1298 – Guido I da Montefeltro, Italian military strategist (b. 1223).
  • 1304 – John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, English general (b. 1231).
  • 1703 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French-English soldier, author, and critic (b. 1610).
  • 1862 – William “Bull” Nelson, American general (b. 1824).
  • 1889 – Louis Faidherbe, French general and politician (b. 1818).
  • 1913 – Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the diesel engine (b. 1858).
  • 1918 – Lawrence Weathers, decorated WWI Australian soldier (b. 1890).
  • 1928 – John Devoy, Irish-American Fenian rebel leader (b. 1842).
  • 2001 – Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Vietnamese general and politician, 5th President of South Vietnam (b. 1923).
  • 2006 – Michael A. Monsoor, American soldier, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1981).
  • 2009 – Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930).
  • 2013 – Pete T. Cenarrusa, American soldier, pilot, and politician, Secretary of State of Idaho (b. 1917).
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