On This Day … 28 June

Events

  • 572 – Assassination of Alboin, King of the Lombards.
  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1360 – Muhammed VI becomes the tenth Nasrid king of Granada after killing his brother-in-law Ismail II.
  • 1461 – Edward IV is crowned King of England.
  • 1519 – Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1575 – Sengoku period of Japan: The combined forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu are victorious in the Battle of Nagashino.
  • 1635 – Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
  • 1651 – The Battle of Berestechko between Poland and Ukraine starts.
  • 1709 – Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
  • 1745 – A New England colonial army captures the French fortifications at Louisbourg (New Style).
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Sullivan’s Island ends with the American victory, leading to the commemoration of Carolina Day.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, is hanged for mutiny and sedition.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: The American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.
  • 1797 – French troops disembark in Corfu, beginning the French rule in the Ionian Islands.
  • 1807 – Second British invasion of the Río de la Plata; John Whitelocke lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the locals.
  • 1838 – Coronation of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
  • 1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded.
  • 1881 – The Austro–Serbian Alliance of 1881 is secretly signed.
  • 1882 – The Anglo-French Convention of 1882 marks the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
  • 1902 – The US Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorising President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
  • 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo; this is the casus belli of World War I.
  • 1917 – World War I: Greece joins the Allied powers.
  • 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
  • 1921 – Serbian King Alexander I proclaims the new constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, known thereafter as the Vidovdan Constitution.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
  • 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union after facing an ultimatum.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue.
  • 1945 – Poland’s Soviet-allied Provisional Government of National Unity is formed over a month after V-E Day.
  • 1948 – Cold War: The Tito–Stalin Split results in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Suspected communist sympathisers (between as many as 100,000 to 200,000) are executed in the Bodo League massacre.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Packed with its own refugees fleeing Seoul and leaving their 5th Division stranded, South Korean forces blow up the Hangang Bridge in an attempt to slow North Korea’s offensive. The city falls later that day.
  • 1950 – Korean War: North Korean Army conducts the Seoul National University Hospital massacre.
  • 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Angolan court sentences US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
  • 1987 – For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
  • 1989 – On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, Slobodan Milošević delivers the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.
  • 2001 – Slobodan Milošević is extradited to the ICTY in The Hague to stand trial.
  • 2004 – Iraq War: Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the US-led rule of that nation.
  • 2009 – Honduran president Manuel Zelaya is ousted by a local military coup following a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Honduran Constitution. This was the start of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis.

People (Births)

  • 1560 – Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller (d. 1657).
  • 1719 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French general and politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 1785).
  • 1883 – Pierre Laval, French soldier and politician, 101st Prime Minister of France (d. 1945).
  • 1891 – Carl Spaatz, American general (d. 1974).
  • 1913 – George Lloyd, English soldier and composer (d. 1998).
  • 1913 – Walter Oesau, German colonel and pilot (d. 1944).
  • 1914 – Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician and Nazi war criminal (d. 1992).
  • 1924 – Roy Austen-Smith, Royal Air Force officer.
  • 1946 – Robert Asprin, American soldier and author (d. 2008).

People (Deaths)

  • 202 – Yuan Shao, Chinese warlord.
  • 1497 – James Tuchet, 7th Baron Audley, English rebel leader (b. c. 1463).
  • 1575 – Yonekura Shigetsugu, Japanese samurai.
  • 1716 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (b. 1665.
  • 1813 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general and politician, Prussian Minister of War (b. 1755).
  • 1880 – Texas Jack Omohundro, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846).
  • 1940 – Italo Balbo, Italian air marshal and politician (b. 1896).
  • 1944 – Friedrich Dollmann, German general (b. 1882).
  • 1960 – Jake Swirbul, American businessman, co-founded the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation (b. 1898).
  • 1971 – Franz Stangl, Austrian SS officer (b. 1908).
  • 1984 – Yigael Yadin, Israeli archaeologist, general, and politician (b. 1917).
  • 2005 – Michael P. Murphy, American lieutenant, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1976).
  • 2006 – George Unwin, English pilot and commander (b. 1913).
  • 2007 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1913).
  • 2013 – David Rubitsky, American sergeant (b. 1917).
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