On This Day … 27 June

Events

  • 1358 – The Republic of Ragusa is founded (later conquered by Napoleon’s French Empire and formally annexed by the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1808).
  • 1497 – Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London, England.
  • 1743 – In the Battle of Dettingen, George II becomes the last reigning British monarch to participate in a battle.
  • 1760 – Cherokee warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina during the Anglo-Cherokee War.
  • 1806 – British forces take Buenos Aires during the first of the British invasions of the River Plate.
  • 1864 – Confederate forces defeat Union forces during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War.
  • 1898 – The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.
  • 1905 – During the Russo-Japanese War, sailors start a mutiny aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin.
  • 1923 – Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refuelling in a DH.4B biplane.
  • 1927 – Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi convenes an eleven-day conference to discuss Japan’s strategy in China. The Tanaka Memorial, a forged plan for world domination, is later claimed to be a secret report leaked from this conference.
  • 1941 – German troops capture the city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa.
  • 1950 – The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.
  • 1973 – The President of Uruguay Juan María Bordaberry dissolves Parliament and establishes a dictatorship.
  • 1974 – US president Richard Nixon visits the Soviet Union.
  • 1977 – France grants independence to Djibouti.
  • 1991 – Slovenia, after declaring independence two days before is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft starting the Ten-Day War.
  • 2007 – Tony Blair resigns as British Prime Minister, a position he had held since 1997. His Chancellor, Gordon Brown succeeds him.
  • 2007 – The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

People (Births)

  • 1696 – William Pepperrell, American merchant and soldier (d. 1759).
  • 1838 – Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, designed the Gewehr 98 (d. 1914).
  • 1865 – John Monash, Australian engineer and general (d. 1931).
  • 1886 – Charlie Macartney, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1958).
  • 1911 – Marion M. Magruder, American Marine officer, commander of the VMF(N)-533 squadron. (d. 1997).
  • 1938 – David Hope, Baron Hope of Craighead, Scottish lieutenant and judge.
  • 1954 – Richard Ibbotson, English admiral.

People (Deaths)

  • 1497 – Michael An Gof, rebel leader.
  • 1497 – Thomas Flamank, rebel leader.
  • 1636 – Date Masamune, Japanese strongman (b. 1567).
  • 1794 – Philippe de Noailles, French general (b. 1715).
  • 1839 – Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh Empire (b. 1780).
  • 1896 – John Berryman, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1825).
  • 1917 – Karl Allmenröder, German soldier and pilot (b. 1896).
  • 1957 – Hermann Buhl, Austrian soldier and mountaineer (b. 1924).
  • 1999 – Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek colonel and politician, 169th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919).
  • 2002 – Robert L. J. Long, American admiral (b. 1920).
  • 2004 – George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923).
  • 2005 – Ray Holmes, English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914).
  • 2008 – Sam Manekshaw, Indian field marshal (b. 1914).
  • 2014 – Violet Milstead, Canadian World War II aviator and bush pilot (b. 1919).
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