On This Day … 10 June

Events

  • 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the river Saleph while leading an army to Jerusalem.
  • 1329 – The Battle of Pelekanon results in a Byzantine defeat by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1523 – Copenhagen is surrounded by the army of Frederick I of Denmark, as the city will not recognise him as the successor of Christian II of Denmark.
  • 1539 – Council of Trent: Pope Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had travelling to Venice.
  • 1596 – Willem Barents and Jacob van Heemskerk discover Bear Island.
  • 1619 – Thirty Years’ War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
  • 1624 – Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands.
  • 1719 – Jacobite risings: Battle of Glen Shiel.
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders, the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
  • 1805 – First Barbary War: Yusuf Karamanli signs a treaty ending the hostilities between Tripolitania and the United States.
  • 1854 – The United States Naval Academy graduates its first class of students.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Big Bethel: Confederate troops under John B. Magruder defeat a much larger Union force led by General Ebenezer W. Pierce in Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads: Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
  • 1871 – Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 US Marines in a naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • 1878 – League of Prizren is established, to oppose the decisions of the Congress of Berlin and the Treaty of San Stefano, as a consequence of which the Albanian lands in the Balkans were being partitioned and given to the neighbour states of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, and Greece.
  • 1898 – Spanish–American War: In the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, US Marines begin the American invasion of Spanish-held Cuba.
  • 1916 – The Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire was declared by Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.
  • 1918 – The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István sinks off the Croatian coast after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat; the event is recorded by camera from a nearby vessel.
  • 1935 – Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Kingdom of Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions in his “Stab in the Back” speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
  • 1940 – World War II: Military resistance to the German occupation of Norway ends.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Lidice massacre is perpetrated as a reprisal for the assassination of Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 1944 – World War II: Six hundred forty-two men, women and children massacred at Oradour-sur-Glane, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia, Greece, 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
  • 1945 – Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
  • 1967 – The Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
  • 1982 – The Syrian Arab Army led by generals Ali and Habib Mahmood defeat the Israeli Defence Forces near Sultan Yacoub, Lebanon, during the 1982 Lebanon War resulting in 30 dead and three missing for the IDF, ten tanks lost and three APCs destroyed.
  • 1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without the participation of Sinn Féin.
  • 1997 – Before fleeing his northern stronghold, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defence chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen’s family members.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its airstrikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
  • Army Day (Jordan).
  • Navy Day (Italy).

People (Births)

  • 1832 – Stephen Mosher Wood, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1920).
  • 1884 – Leone Sextus Tollemache, English captain (d. 1917).
  • 1909 – Lang Hancock, Australian soldier and businessman (d. 1992).
  • 1923 – Robert Maxwell, Czech-English captain, publisher, and politician (d. 1991).
  • 1929 – James McDivitt, American general, pilot, and astronaut.
  • 1929 – Ian Sinclair, Australian farmer and politician, 42nd Australian Minister for Defence.
  • 1947 – Robert Wright, English air marshal.

People (Deaths)

  • 323 BC – Alexander the Great, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC).
  • 903 – Cheng Rui, Chinese warlord.
  • 932 – Dong Zhang, Chinese general.
  • 1791 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720).
  • 1831 – Hans Karl von Diebitsch, German-Russian field marshal (b. 1785).
  • 1849 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, French general and politician (b. 1784).
  • 1996 – George Hees, Canadian soldier, football player, and politician (b. 1910).
  • 1998 – Hammond Innes, English soldier and author (b. 1914).
  • 2000 – Hafez al-Assad, Syrian general and politician, 18th President of Syria (b. 1930).
  • 2003 – Donald Regan, American colonel and politician, 11th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1918).
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