Linking Nutritional Status, Weight Perception, & Weight Control Practices among Office Employees

Research Paper Title

Nutritional status, weight perception and weight control practices among office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background

Overweight and obesity have become the fifth leading risk for global deaths. Office employees have been identified as a high risk group due to the sedentary nature of their work, and accurate weight perception is believed to be critical to acceptance of weight control interventions. This study was conducted to assess the nutritional status, weight perception and weight control practices of office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted among 285 randomly selected office employees in private establishments in Sokoto, Nigeria, in February and March 2013. Anthropometry was done for the participants in addition to questionnaire administration.

Results

The mean age of the participants was 33.08 ± 7.23 years, they were predominantly males (56.5%) and married (57.5%). None was underweight, 111 (38.9%) had normal weight, 105 (36.8%) were overweight and 69 (24.2%) were obese. Among the participants with normal weight, overweight and obesity, 71.2%, 35.2% and 58.0% respectively accurately perceived their weight; while 28.8%, 50.5% and 30.4% respectively underestimated their weight. There was poor agreement between actual and perceived weight (k statistics = 0.341, p < 0.001). Only 67 (23.5%) of the 285 participants were engaged in weight control practices.

Conclusions

This study showed high prevalence of overweight and obesity, weight misperceptions, and poor uptake of weight control practices among office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria. These findings underscore the need for a holistic approach to obesity control interventions that encompasses both body image perception and nutritional assessment.

Reference

Awosan, K.J., Adeniyi, S.A., Bello, H. & Bello-Ibrahim, Z. (2017) Nutritional status, weight perception and weight control practices among office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria. The Pan African Medical Journal. 27:279. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.279.12222. eCollection 2017.

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