On the battlefield, some individuals shy away:
- Ngivhe (Venda, South Africa): to hit with the butt-end of a spear (a blow given as a warning to escape).
- Rafizat (Persian): a body of soldiers who deserted their commander and retreated.
- Imboscari (Italian): to lie in ambush, to evade military service, to avoid working, or to retreat to a secluded place to make love (literally, to take to the woods).
- Palias (Maranao, Philipines): the power or magic which protects its possessor from a bullet in battle.
- Handschuhshneeballwerfer (German): somebody who wears gloves to throw snowballs – used in general for all cowards,
de Boinod, A.J. (2007) Toujors Tingo. London: Penguin Books. p.287.