Battlefield Yellow-bellies…

On the battlefield, some individuals shy away:

  • Ngivhe (Venda, South Africa): to hit with the butt-end of a spear (a blow given as a warning to escape).
  • Rafizat (Persian): a body of soldiers who deserted their commander and retreated.
  • Imboscari (Italian): to lie in ambush, to evade military service, to avoid working, or to retreat to a secluded place to make love (literally, to take to the woods).
  • Palias (Maranao, Philipines): the power or magic which protects its possessor from a bullet in battle.
  • Handschuhshneeballwerfer (German): somebody who wears gloves to throw snowballs – used in general for all cowards,


de Boinod, A.J. (2007) Toujors Tingo. London: Penguin Books. p.287.


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