On the battlefield itself individuals make extraordinary sacrifices:
- Iwa Manyanga (Mambwe, Zambia): to fight one another crawling along on all fours.
- Mamakakaua (Hawaiian): the leading man in battle who bears the brunt of the fighting.
- Ohiampunut (Finnish): one who has survived in battle (literally, shot/fired past).
- Abhi-vira (Sanskrit): surrounded by heroes.
de Boinod, A.J. (2007) Toujours Tingo. London: Penguin Books. p.287.