What was the Conquest of Wales by Edward I of England (1277-1283)?

Introduction The conquest of Wales by Edward I, sometimes referred to as the Edwardian Conquest of Wales, to distinguish it from the earlier (but partial) Norman conquest of Wales, took place between 1277 and 1283. It resulted in the defeat and annexation of the Principality of Wales, and the other last remaining independent Welsh principalities,… Read More


What was the Treaty of Aberconwy (1277)?

Introduction The Treaty of Aberconwy was signed in 1277 by King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last, Prince of Wales, following Edward’s invasion of Llewelyn’s territories earlier that year. The treaty granted peace between the two but also essentially guaranteed that Welsh self-rule would end upon Llewelyn’s death and represented the completion of… Read More