What was the ‘A Total and Unmitigated Defeat’ Speech (1938)?

Introduction A Total and Unmitigated Defeat was a speech by Winston Churchill in the House of Commons at Westminster on Wednesday 05 October 1938, the third day of the Munich Agreement debate. Signed five days earlier by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, the agreement met the demands of Nazi Germany in respect of the Czechoslovak region… Read More

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What was the Munich Agreement?

Introduction The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Münchner Abkommen) or Munich Betrayal (Czech: Mnichovská zrada; Slovak: Mníchovská zrada) was an agreement concluded at Munich on 30 September 1938, by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Third Republic, and the Kingdom of Italy. It provided “cession to Germany of the Sudeten… Read More