What was the Control Faction?

Introduction The Tōseiha or Control Faction (統制派) was a political faction in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) active in the 1920s and 1930s. The Tōseiha was a grouping of moderate officers united primarily by their opposition to the radical Kōdōha (Imperial Way) faction and its aggressive imperialist and anti-modernisation ideals. The Tōseiha rivaled the Kōdōha… Read More


What was the Mukden Incident (1931-1932)?

Introduction The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was a false flag event staged by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria. On 18 September 1931, Lieutenant Suemori Kawamoto of the Independent Garrison Unit of the 29th Japanese Infantry Regiment (独立守備隊) detonated a small quantity of dynamite close to a… Read More