Who was Oliver North?

Introduction Oliver Laurence North (born 07 October 1943) is an American political commentator, television host, military historian, author, and retired United States Marine Corps lieutenant colonel. A veteran of the Vietnam War, North was a National Security Council staff member during the Iran-Contra affair , a political scandal of the late 1980s. It involved the… Read More


What was Operation Tipped Kettle?

Introduction Operation Tipped Kettle was a 1980s US-Israeli government operation transferring weapons seized by Israeli forces from the Palestine Liberation Organisation in Lebanon during Operation Peace for Galilee to the Nicaraguan Contras. The operation (involving a shipment in 1983 and another in 1984, both at minimal charge to the US) was a precursor to the… Read More

What was the Iran-Contra Affair?

Introduction The Iran-Contra affair (Persian: ماجرای ایران-کنترا‎, Spanish: Caso Irán-Contra), popularised in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran-Contra scandal, or simply Iran-Contra, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration. Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to the Khomeini government of… Read More