What was the Battle of Manners Street (1943)?

Introduction The Battle of Manners Street refers to a riot involving American servicemen and New Zealand servicemen and civilians outside the Allied Services Club in Manners Street, Wellington, New Zealand in 1943 (Refer to World War II). The club was a social centre, open to all military personnel. Refer to Zoot Suit Riots (1943), Battle… Read More


What was the Townsville Mutiny (1942)?

Introduction The Townsville mutiny was a mutiny by African American servicemen of the United States Army while serving in Townsville, Australia, during World War II. Refer to Zoot Suit Riots (1943), Battle of Brisbane (1942), and Battle of Manners Street (1943). Background About 600 African American troops from the 96th Battalion, US Army Corps of… Read More

What was the Battle of Brisbane (1942)?

Introduction The Battle of Brisbane was a riot between United States military personnel on one side and Australian servicemen and civilians on the other, in Brisbane, Queensland’s capital city, on 26 and 27 November 1942, during which time the two nations were allies (refer to World War II). By the time the violence had been… Read More

What were the Zoot Suit Riots (1943)?

Introduction The Zoot Suit Riots were a series of conflicts on 03 to 08 June 1943 in Los Angeles, California, United States, which pitted American servicemen stationed in Southern California against young Latino and Mexican American city residents. It was one of the dozen wartime industrial cities that suffered race-related riots in the summer of… Read More