What was the Battle of Callao (1866)?

Introduction The Battle of Callao (in Spanish, called Combate del Dos de Mayo mainly in South America) occurred on 02 May 1866 between a Spanish fleet under the command of Admiral Casto Méndez Núñez and the fortified battery emplacements of the Peruvian port city of Callao during the Chincha Islands War (1865 to 1866). The… Read More


What was the Bombardment of Valparaiso (1866)?

Introduction The Bombardment of Valparaíso on 31 March 1866 took place during the Chincha Islands War (1865 to 1866), when a Spanish fleet shelled, burned and destroyed the undefended port of Valparaíso. Background After the humiliating defeat at the Battle of Papudo (1865) and the indecisive Battle of Abtao (1866), Rear Admiral Casto Méndez Núñez… Read More

What was the Battle of Abtao (1866)?

Introduction The Battle of Abtao was a naval battle fought on 07 February 1866, during the Chincha Islands War (1865 to 1866), between a Spanish squadron and a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet, at the island of Abtao in the Gulf of Ancud near Chiloé Archipelago in south-central Chile. It was limited to a long-range exchange of… Read More

What was the Chincha Islands War (1865-1866)?

Introduction The Chincha Islands War, also known as Spanish-South American War (Spanish: Guerra hispano-sudamericana), was a series of coastal and naval battles between Spain and its former colonies of Peru, Chile, Ecuador, and Bolivia from 1865 to 1866. The conflict began with Spain’s seizure of the guano-rich Chincha Islands in one of a series of… Read More