What is Dual-Use Technology?

Introduction In politics, diplomacy and export control, dual-use items refer to goods, software and technology that can be used for both civilian and military applications. More generally speaking, dual-use can also refer to any goods or technology which can satisfy more than one goal at any given time. Thus, expensive technologies that would otherwise benefit… Read More


What is the Global Exchange of Military Information?

Introduction Global Exchange of Military Information is an arms control annual exchange of information sponsored by the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe. Outline Under this agreement, all participating states exchange information about all of their military forces throughout the world. This exchange differs from that under the Vienna Document in that it is… Read More

What is the Wassenaar Arrangement (1996)?

Introduction The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies is a multilateral export control regime (MECR) with 42 participating states including many former Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon or Warsaw Pact) countries established in 1996. The Wassenaar Arrangement was established to contribute to regional and international security and… Read More