On This Day … 05 January [2023]

Events

  • 1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France.
  • 1675 – Battle of Colmar: The French army beats Brandenburg.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Richmond, Virginia, is burned by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold.
  • 1822 – The government of Central America votes for total annexation to the First Mexican Empire.
  • 1895 – Dreyfus affair: French army officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island.
  • 1900 – Irish nationalist leader John Edward Redmond calls for revolt against British rule.
  • 1912 – The sixth All-Russian Conference of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Prague Party Conference) opens.
    • In the course of the conference, Vladimir Lenin and his supporters break from the rest of the party to form the Bolshevik movement.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Lemnos begins; Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war.
  • 1919 – The German Workers’ Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded in Munich.
  • 1968 – Alexander Dubček comes to power in Czechoslovakia, effectively beginning the “Prague Spring”.
  • 1976 – The Khmer Rouge proclaim the Constitution of Democratic Kampuchea.
  • 1976 – The Troubles: Gunmen shoot dead ten Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus at Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Ireland, UK, allegedly as retaliation for a string of attacks on Catholic civilians in the area by Loyalists, particularly the killing of six Catholics the night before.
  • 1991 – Somali Civil War: The United States Embassy to Somalia in Mogadishu is evacuated by helicopter airlift days after the outbreak of violence in Mogadishu.

People (Births)

  • 1620 – Miklós Zrínyi, Croatian military commander (d. 1664).
  • 1735 – Claude Martin, French-English general and explorer (d. 1800).
  • 1779 – Stephen Decatur, American commander (d. 1820).
  • 1779 – Zebulon Pike, American general and explorer (d. 1813).
  • 1904 – George Plant, Executed Irish Republican (d. 1942).
  • 1907 – Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (d. 1969).
  • 1910 – Jack Lovelock, New Zealand runner and journalist (d. 1949).
  • 1922 – Anthony Synnot, Australian admiral (d. 2001).
  • 1926 – Veikko Karvonen, Finnish runner (d. 2007).
  • 1928 – Walter Mondale, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 42nd Vice President of the United States (d. 2021).
  • 1984 – Derrick Atkins, Bahamian sprinter.
  • 1988 – Azizulhasni Awang, Malaysian track cyclist.

People (Deaths)

  • 1823 – George Johnston, Scottish-Australian colonel and politician, Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales (b. 1764).
  • 1858 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (b. 1766).
  • 1952 – Victor Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow, Scottish colonel and politician, 46th Governor-General of India (b. 1887).
  • 1982 – Edmund Herring, Australian general and politician, 7th Chief Justice of Victoria (b. 1892).
  • 2004 – Norman Heatley, English biologist and chemist, co-developed penicillin (b. 1911).
  • 2018 – Asghar Khan, Pakistani three star general and politician (b. 1921).
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