On This Day … 27 June [2022]

Events

  • 1358 – The Republic of Ragusa is founded.
  • 1497 – Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London, England.
  • 1499 – Americo Vespucci, on a Spanish financed trip, sights coast south of Cape Cassipore.
  • 1743 – In the Battle of Dettingen, George II becomes the last reigning British monarch to participate in a battle.
  • 1760 – Anglo-Cherokee War: Cherokee warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina.
  • 1806 – British forces take Buenos Aires during the first of the British invasions of the River Plate.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate forces defeat Union forces during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the Atlanta Campaign.
  • 1905 – During the Russo-Japanese War, sailors start a mutiny aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin.
  • 1914 – The Illinois Monument is dedicated at Cheatham Hill in what is now the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park.
  • 1927 – Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi convenes an eleven-day conference to discuss Japan’s strategy in China.
    • The Tanaka Memorial, a forged plan for world domination, is later claimed to be a secret report leaked from this conference.
  • 1941 – World War II: Romanian authorities launch one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history in the city of Iași, resulting in the murder of at least 13,266 Jews.
  • 1941 – World War II: German troops capture the city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa.
  • 1944 – World War II: Mogaung is the first place in Burma to be liberated from the Japanese by British ‘Chindits’, supported by the Chinese.
  • 1950 – The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.
  • 1973 – The President of Uruguay Juan María Bordaberry dissolves Parliament and establishes a dictatorship.
  • 1977 – France grants independence to Djibouti.
    • Independence Day.
  • 1991 – Two days after it had declared independence, Slovenia is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.
  • 2007 – The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

People (Births)

  • 1696 – William Pepperrell, American merchant and soldier (d. 1759).
  • 1838 – Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, designed the Gewehr 98 (d. 1914).
  • 1865 – John Monash, Australian engineer and general (d. 1931).
  • 1886 – Charlie Macartney, Australian cricketer and soldier (d. 1958).
  • 1911 – Marion M. Magruder, American Marine officer, commander of the VMF(N)-533 squadron. (d. 1997).
  • 1918 – Adolph Kiefer, American swimmer (d. 2017).
  • 1944 – Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist (d. 2019).
  • 1954 – Richard Ibbotson, English admiral.
  • 1967 – Sylvie Fréchette, Canadian swimmer and coach.
  • 1975 – Sarah Evanetz, Canadian swimmer.
  • 1986 – LaShawn Merritt, American sprinter.
  • 1988 – Kate Ziegler, American swimmer.
  • 1993 – Johanna Talihärm, Estonian biathlete.

People (Deaths)

  • 1497 – Michael An Gof, rebel leader.
  • 1497 – Thomas Flamank, rebel leader.
  • 1636 – Date Masamune, Japanese strongman (b. 1567).
  • 1794 – Philippe de Noailles, French general (b. 1715).
  • 1839 – Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh Empire (b. 1780).
  • 1896 – John Berryman, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1825).
  • 1917 – Karl Allmenröder, German soldier and pilot (b. 1896).
  • 1957 – Hermann Buhl, Austrian soldier and mountaineer (b. 1924).
  • 1970 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler and scholar (b. 1902).
  • 1999 – Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek colonel and politician, 169th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919).
  • 2002 – Robert L. J. Long, American admiral (b. 1920).
  • 2004 – George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923).
  • 2005 – Ray Holmes, English lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914).
  • 2008 – Sam Manekshaw, Indian field marshal (b. 1914).
  • 2012 – Stan Cox, English runner (b. 1918).
  • 2014 – Violet Milstead, Canadian World War II aviator and bush pilot (b. 1919).
  • 2016 – Bud Spencer, Italian swimmer, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1929).
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