On This Day … 01 May [2022]

Events

  • 1169 – Norman mercenaries land at Bannow Bay in Leinster, marking the beginning of the Norman invasion of Ireland.
  • 1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: By the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, England recognises Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1486 – Christopher Columbus presents his plans discovering a western route to the Indies to the Spanish Queen Isabella I of Castile.
  • 1707 – The Act of Union joining England and Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain takes effect.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
  • 1865 – The Empire of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay sign the Treaty of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: Battle of Manila Bay: The Asiatic Squadron of the United States Navy destroys the Pacific Squadron of the Spanish Navy after a seven-hour battle.
    • Spain loses all seven of its ships, and 381 Spanish sailors die.
    • There are no American vessel losses or combat deaths.
  • 1919 – German troops enter Munich to suppress the Bavarian Soviet Republic.
  • 1945 – World War II: A German newsreader officially announces that Adolf Hitler has “fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany”.
    • The Soviet flag is raised over the Reich Chancellery, by order of Stalin.
  • 1945 – World War II: Up to 2,500 people die in a mass suicide in Demmin following the advance of the Red Army.
  • 1956 – The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk is made available to the public.
  • 1960 – Cold War: U-2 incident: Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Sverdlovsk Oblast, Soviet Union, sparking a diplomatic crisis.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Protests erupt following the announcement by Richard Nixon that the US and South Vietnamese forces would attack Vietnamese communists in a Cambodian Campaign.
  • 1982 – Operation Black Buck: The Royal Air Force attacks the Argentine Air Force during the Falklands War.
  • 2003 – Invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the “Mission Accomplished” speech, on board the USS Abraham Lincoln (off the coast of California), US President George W. Bush declares that “major combat operations in Iraq have ended”.
  • 2018 – Syrian civil war: The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) resumes the Deir ez-Zor campaign in order to clear the remnants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) from the Iraq–Syria border.
  • 2019 – Naxalite attack in Gadchiroli district of India: Sixteen army soldiers, including a driver, killed in an IED blast. Naxals targeted an anti-Naxal operations team.
  • Armed Forces Day (Mauritania).

People (Births)

  • 1579 – Wolphert Gerretse, Dutch-American farmer, co-founded New Netherland (d. 1662).
  • 1730 – Joshua Rowley, English admiral (d. 1790).
  • 1735 – Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen, Dutch admiral and philanthropist (d. 1819).
  • 1769 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Irish-English field marshal and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1852) (Refer to French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars).
  • 1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese soldier and politician, 4th President of Portugal (d. 1918).
  • 1875 – Dave Hall, American runner (d. 1972).
  • 1887 – Alan Cunningham, Anglo-Irish general and diplomat, High Commissioners for Palestine and Transjordan (d. 1983).
  • 1896 – Mark W. Clark, American general (d. 1984).
  • 1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987).
  • 1906 – Horst Schumann, German SS officer and physician (d. 1983).
  • 1909 – Endel Puusepp, Estonian-Soviet military pilot and politician (d. 1996).
  • 1912 – Otto Kretschmer, German admiral (d. 1998).
  • 1923 – Marcel Rayman, Polish soldier (d. 1944).
  • 1925 – Scott Carpenter, American commander, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2013).
  • 1930 – Richard Riordan, American lieutenant and politician, 39th Mayor of Los Angeles and publisher.
  • 1932 – Sandy Woodward, English admiral (d. 2013).
  • 1948 – Györgyi Balogh, Hungarian sprinter.
  • 1971 – Artur Kohutek, Polish hurdler and soldier.
  • 1976 – Patricia Stokkers, Dutch swimmer.
  • 1977 – Vera Lischka, Austrian swimmer and politician.
  • 1980 – Yuliya Tabakova, Russian athlete.
  • 1983 – Alain Bernard, French swimmer.
  • 1989 – Poļina Jeļizarova, Latvian runner.
  • 1991 – Daniel Talbot, British sprinter.
  • 1996 – Christopher J. Alexis Jr., Grenadian road cyclist.

People (Deaths)

  • 1187 – Roger de Moulins, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller.
  • 1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French general (b. 1768).
  • 1935 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (b. 1889).
  • 1984 – Jüri Lossmann, Estonian-Swedish runner (b. 1891).
  • 2003 – Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923).
  • 2008 – Philipp von Boeselager, German soldier and economist (b. 1917).
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