On This Day … 03 April [2022]

Events

  • 801 – King Louis the Pious captures Barcelona from the Moors after a siege of several months.
  • 1043 – Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.
  • 1077 – The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
  • 1559 – The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
  • 1721 – Robert Walpole becomes, in effect, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain, though he himself denied that title.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
  • 1920 – Attempts are being made to carry out the failed assassination attempt on General Mannerheim, led by Aleksander Weckman by order of Eino Rahja, during the White Guard parade in Tampere, Finland.
  • 1922 – Joseph Stalin becomes the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1946 – Japanese Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
  • 1948 – Cold War: US President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
  • 1948 – In Jeju Province, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju uprising.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: United States Secretary of Defence Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamise” the war effort.
  • 1981 – The Osborne 1, the first successful portable computer, is unveiled at the West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco.
  • 1997 – The Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but one of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.

People (Births)

  • 1770 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general (d. 1843).
  • 1778 – Pierre Bretonneau, French doctor who performed the first successful tracheotomy (d. 1862).
  • 1782 – Alexander Macomb, American general (d. 1841).
  • 1798 – Charles Wilkes, American admiral, geographer, and explorer (d.1877).
  • 1823 – George Derby, American Army lieutenant and journalist (d. 1861).
  • 1842 – Ulric Dahlgren, American colonel (d. 1864).
  • 1848 – Arturo Prat, Chilean lawyer and captain (d. 1879).
  • 1858 – Jacob Gaudaur, Canadian rower (d. 1937).
  • 1885 – St John Philby, English colonial and explorer (d. 1960).
  • 1887 – Nishizō Tsukahara, Japanese admiral (d. 1966).
  • 1888 – Thomas C. Kinkaid, American admiral (d. 1972).
  • 1897 – Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, Greek general (d. 1989).
  • 1903 – Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Indian social reformer and freedom fighter (d. 1988).
  • 1905 – Robert Sink, American general (d. 1965).
  • 1911 – Stanisława Walasiewicz, Polish-American runner (d. 1980).
  • 1914 – Sam Manekshaw, Indian field marshal (d. 2008).
  • 1915 – Piet de Jong, Dutch politician and naval officer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 2016).
  • 1924 – Roza Shanina, Russian sergeant and sniper (d. 1945).
  • 1926 – Gus Grissom, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1967).
  • 1927 – Wesley A. Brown, American general and engineer (d. 2012).
  • 1930 – Lawton Chiles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 41st Governor of Florida (d. 1998).
  • 1930 – Mario Benjamín Menéndez, Argentinian general and politician (d. 2015).
  • 1943 – Hikaru Saeki, Japanese admiral, the first female star officer of the Japan Self-Defence Forces.
  • 1964 – Bjarne Riis, Danish cyclist and manager.
  • 1986 – Annalisa Cucinotta, Italian cyclist.
  • 1987 – Martyn Rooney, English sprinter.
  • 1992 – Yuliya Yefimova, Russian swimmer.

People (Deaths)

  • 1171 – Philip of Milly, seventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b. c. 1120).
  • 1606 – Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1563).
  • 1680 – Shivaji, Indian emperor, founded the Maratha Empire (b. 1630).
  • 1792 – George Pocock, English admiral (b. 1706).
  • 1846 – William Braine, English soldier and explorer (b. 1814).
  • 1946 – Masaharu Homma, Japanese general (b. 1887).
  • 1999 – Geoffrey Walsh, Canadian general (b. 1909).
Advertisements

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.