On This Day … 08 March

Events

  • 1262 – Battle of Hausbergen between bourgeois militias and the army of the bishop of Strasbourg.
  • 1558 – The city of Pori (Swedish: Björneborg) was founded by Duke John on the shores of the Gulf of Bothnia.
  • 1658 – Treaty of Roskilde: After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655-1661), Frederick III, the King of Denmark-Norway is forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden.
  • 1702 – Queen Anne, the younger sister of Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
  • 1722 – The Safavid Empire of Iran is defeated by an army from Afghanistan at the Battle of Gulnabad.
  • 1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre: Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity, are killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indian tribes.
  • 1801 – War of the Second Coalition: At the Battle of Abukir, a British force under Sir Ralph Abercromby lands in Egypt with the aim of ending the French campaign in Egypt and Syria (refer to French Revolutionary War).
  • 1868 – Sakai incident: Japanese samurai kill 11 French sailors in the port of Sakai, Osaka.
  • 1916 – World War I: A British force unsuccessfully attempts to relieve the siege of Kut (present-day Iraq) in the Battle of Dujaila.[17]
  • 1917 – International Women’s Day protests in Petrograd mark the beginning of the February Revolution (23 February in the Julian calendar).
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: The Battle of Guadalajara begins.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Dutch East Indies surrender Java to the Imperial Japanese Army.
  • 1942 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Army forces captured Rangoon, Burma from British.
  • 1963 – The Ba’ath Party comes to power in Syria in a coup d’état.
  • 1979 – Philips demonstrates the compact disc publicly for the first time.

People (Births)

  • 1726 – Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, English admiral and politician, Treasurer of the Navy (d. 1799).
  • 1799 – Simon Cameron, American journalist and politician, United States Secretary of War (d. 1889).
  • 1822 – Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Polish inventor and businessman, invented the Kerosene lamp (d. 1882).
  • 1942 – Ann Packer, English sprinter, hurdler, and long jumper.
  • 1954 – David Wilkie, Sri Lankan-Scottish swimmer.

People (Deaths)

  • 1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and businessman (b. 1838).
  • 1944 – Fredy Hirsch, German Jewish athlete who helped thousands of Jewish children in the Holocaust (b. 1916).
  • 1983 – Alan Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton, English lieutenant and politician (b. 1904).
  • 1996 – Jack Churchill, British colonel (b. 1906).
  • 2005 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen commander and politician, President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (b. 1951).
  • 2013 – Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin, German soldier and publisher (b. 1922).
  • 2014 – William Guarnere, US Army sergeant (b. 1923).
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