On This Day … 25 January

Events

  • 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman emperor by the Senate.
  • 750 – In the Battle of the Zab, the Abbasid rebels defeat the Umayyad Caliphate, leading to overthrow of the dynasty.
  • 1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara: In Japan, Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
  • 1575 – Luanda, the capital of Angola, is founded by the Portuguese navigator Paulo Dias de Novais.
  • 1585 – Walter Raleigh is knighted, shortly after renaming North America region “Virginia”, in honour of virging Queen.
  • 1704 – The Battle of Ayubale results in the destruction of most of the Spanish missions in Florida.
  • 1765 – Port Egmont, the first British settlement in the Falkland Islands near the southern tip of South America, is founded.
  • 1787 – Shay’s Rebellion: The rebellion’s largest confrontation, outside the Springfield Armoury, results in the killing of four rebels and the wounding of twenty.
  • 1791 – The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old Province of Quebec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
  • 1917 – World War I: Sinking of the SS Laurentic after hitting two German mines off the coast of Northern Ireland.
  • 1918 – The Ukrainian People’s Republic declares independence from Soviet Russia.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics opens in Chamonix, in the French Alps, inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
  • 1932 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese National Revolutionary Army begins the defence of Harbin.
  • 1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Battle of the Bulge ends.
  • 1946 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 1 relating to Military Staff Committee is adopted.
  • 1947 – Thomas Goldsmith Jr. files a patent for a “Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device”, the first ever electronic game.
  • 1967 – South Vietnamese junta leader and Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky fires rival, Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Nguyen Huu Co, while the latter is overseas on a diplomatic visit.
  • 1969 – Brazilian Army captain Carlos Lamarca deserts in order to fight against the military dictatorship, taking with him ten machine guns and 63 rifles.
  • 1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president.
  • 1995 – The Norwegian rocket incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after it mistakes Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
  • 1998 – A suicide attack by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth kills eight and injures 25 others.
  • 2003 – Invasion of Iraq: A group of people leave London, England, for Baghdad, Iraq, to serve as human shields, intending to prevent the US-led coalition troops from bombing certain locations.
  • 2011 – The first wave of the Egyptian revolution begins throughout the country, marked by street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes.
  • 2015 – A clash in Mamasapano, Maguindanao in the Philippines kills 44 members of Special Action Force (SAF), at least 18 from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and five from the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
  • National Nutrition Day (Indonesia).
  • Revolution Day 2011 (Egypt).

People (Births)

  • 1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and politician, Lord Steward of the Household (d. 1707).
  • 1739 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (d. 1823).
  • 1841 – John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, English admiral (d. 1920).
  • 1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, Georgian general and politician, 2nd President of Georgia (d. 2014).
  • 1935 – Conrad Burns, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2016).
  • 1935 – António Ramalho Eanes, Portuguese general and politician, 16th President of Portugal.
  • 1948 – Ros Kelly, Australian educator and politician, 1st Australian Minister for Defence Science and Personnel.
  • 1951 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975).
  • 1964 – Stephen Pate, Australian cyclist.
  • 1978 – Denis Menchov, Russian cyclist.
  • 1980 – Alayna Burns, Australian track cyclist.

People (Deaths)

  • 1492 – Ygo Gales Galama, Frisian warlord and rebel (b. 1443).
  • 1852 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian admiral, cartographer, and explorer (b. 1778).
  • 1872 – Richard S. Ewell, American general (b. 1817).
  • 1907 – René Pottier, French cyclist (b. 1879).
  • 1912 – Dmitry Milyutin, Russian field marshal and politician (b. 1816).
  • 1939 – Charles Davidson Dunbar, Scottish soldier and bagpipe player (b. 1870).
  • 1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892).
  • 2004 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch runner and hurdler (b. 1918).
  • 2005 – Netti Witziers-Timmer, Dutch runner (b. 1923).
  • 2010 – Ali Hassan al-Majid, Iraqi general and politician, Iraqi Minister of Defence (b. 1941).
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