On This Day … 14 January

Events

  • 1761 – The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marathas.
  • 1784 – American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States – Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
  • 1814 – Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes the Kingdom of Norway to Charles XIII of Sweden in return for Pomerania.
  • 1858 – Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt made by Felice Orsini and his accomplices in Paris.
  • 1939 – Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
  • 1943 – World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, the successful operation to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
  • 1969 – USS Enterprise fire: An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 28 people.
  • 2010 – Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.
  • 2011 – President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia seeks refuge in Saudi Arabia after a series of demonstrations against his regime, considered to be the birth of the Arab Spring.
  • Defender of the Motherland Day (Uzbekistan).
  • Ratification Day (United States).
  • Revolution and Youth Day (Tunisia).

People (Births)

  • 83 BC – Mark Antony, Roman general and politician (d. 30 BCE).
  • 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American-British general (d. 1801).
  • 1792 – Christian de Meza, Danish general (d. 1865).
  • 1806 – Charles Hotham, English-Australian soldier and politician, 1st Governor of Victoria (d. 1855).
  • 1850 – Pierre Loti, French captain and author (d. 1923).
  • 1863 – Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa, Portuguese general and politician, 10th President of Portugal (d. 1929).
  • 1894 – Ecaterina Teodoroiu, Romanian soldier and nurse (d. 1917).
  • 1897 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978).
  • 1899 – Carlos P. Romulo, Filipino soldier and politician, President of the United Nations General Assembly (d. 1985).
  • 1914 – Harold Russell, Canadian-American soldier and actor (d. 2002).
  • 1919 – Andy Rooney, American soldier, journalist, critic, and television personality (d. 2011).
  • 1942 – Gerben Karstens, Dutch cyclist.
  • 1964 – Beverly Kinch, English long jumper and sprinter.
  • 1978 – Shawn Crawford, American sprinter.
  • 1981 – Hyleas Fountain, American heptathlete.
  • 1982 – Thomas Longosiwa, Kenyan runner.
  • 1990 – Lelisa Desisa, Ethiopian runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1701 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese daimyō (b. 1628).
  • 1776 – Edward Cornwallis, English general and politician, Governor of Gibraltar (b. 1713).
  • 1907 – Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Scottish soldier and politician, 6th Governor of New Zealand (b. 1832).
  • 1970 – Asım Gündüz, Turkish general (b. 1880).
  • 1977 – Anthony Eden, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1897).
  • 1978 – Harold Abrahams, English sprinter, lawyer, and journalist (b. 1899).
  • 1997 – Dollard Ménard, Canadian general (b. 1913).
  • 2015 – Zhang Wannian, Chinese general (b. 1928).
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