On This Day … 07 December

Events

  • 43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated in Formia on orders of Marcus Antonius.
  • 574 – Byzantine Emperor Justin II, suffering recurring seizures of insanity, adopts his general Tiberius and proclaims him as Caesar.
  • 1776 – Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, arranges to enter the American military as a major general (refer to the American War of Independence).
  • 1837 – The Battle of Montgomery’s Tavern, the only battle of the Upper Canada Rebellion, takes place in Toronto, where the rebels are quickly defeated.
  • 1904 – Comparative fuel trials begin between warships HMS Spiteful and HMS Peterel: Spiteful was the first warship powered solely by fuel oil, and the trials led to the obsolescence of coal in ships of the Royal Navy.
  • 1917 – World War I: The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 1922 – The Parliament of Northern Ireland votes to remain a part of the United Kingdom and not unify with Southern Ireland.
  • 1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbour: The Imperial Japanese Navy carries out a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet and its defending Army and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.
  • 1942 – World War II: British commandos conduct Operation Frankton, a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: The Government of the Republic of China moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan.
  • 1963 – Instant replay makes its debut during the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1971 – The Battle of Sylhet is fought between the Pakistani military and the Mukti Bahini.
  • Armed Forces Flag Day (India).
  • National Pearl Harbour Remembrance Day (United States).

People (Births)

  • 1561 – Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō (d. 1625).
  • 1764 – Claude Victor-Perrin, French general and politician (d. 1841).
  • 1861 – Henri Mathias Berthelot, French general during World War I (d. 1931).
  • 1863 – Felix Calonder, Swiss soldier and politician, 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1952).
  • 1884 – John Carpenter, American sprinter (d. 1933).
  • 1888 – Hamilton Fish III, American captain and politician (d. 1991).
  • 1893 – Hermann Balck, German general (d. 1982).
  • 1920 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist (d. 2012).
  • 1920 – Walter Nowotny, Austrian-German soldier and pilot (d. 1944).
  • 1962 – Alain Blondel, French decathlete.
  • 1965 – Deborah Bassett, Australian rower.
  • 1983 – Mike Mucitelli, American mixed martial artist.
  • 1988 – Nathan Adrian, American swimmer.

People (Deaths)

  • 1295 – Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, English officer (b. 1243).
  • 1775 – Charles Saunders, English admiral and politician (b. 1715).
  • 1793 – Joseph Bara, French soldier and drummer (b. 1779).
  • 1803 – Küçük Hüseyin Pasha, Turkish admiral and politician (b. 1757).
  • 1815 – Michel Ney, German-French general (b. 1769).
  • 1817 – William Bligh, English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1745).
  • 1894 – Ferdinand de Lesseps, French businessman and diplomat, co-developed the Suez Canal (b. 1805).
  • 1941 – Attack on Pearl Harbour:
    • Mervyn S. Bennion, American captain (b. 1887).
    • Frederick Curtice Davis, American sailor (b. 1915).
    • Julius Ellsberry, American sailor (b. 1921).
    • John C. England, American sailor (b. 1920).
    • Edwin J. Hill, American sailor (b. 1894).
    • Ralph Hollis, American sailor (b. 1906).
    • Herbert C. Jones, American sailor (b. 1918).
    • Isaac C. Kidd, American admiral (b. 1884).
    • Robert Lawrence Leopold, American sailor (b. 1916).
    • Herbert Hugo Menges, American sailor (b. 1917).
    • Thomas James Reeves, American sailor (b. 1895).
    • Aloysius Schmitt, American priest and sailor (b. 1909).
    • Robert R. Scott, American sailor (b. 1915).
    • Peter Tomich, American sailor (b. 1893).
    • Robert Uhlmann, American sailor (b. 1919).
    • Franklin Van Valkenburgh, American captain (b. 1888).
    • Eldon P. Wyman, American sailor (b. 1917).
  • 1960 – Ioannis Demestichas, Greek admiral and politician (b. 1882).
  • 1985 – Potter Stewart, American soldier and jurist (b. 1915).
  • 2012 – Roelof Kruisinga, Dutch physician and politician, Dutch Minister of Defence (b. 1922).
  • 2012 – Ralph Parr, American colonel and pilot (b. 1924).
  • 2015 – Jesse C. Deen, American soldier and politician (b. 1922).
  • 2020 – Chuck Yeager, American military aviator (b. 1923).
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