What is the Peresvet (Laser Weapon)?

Introduction

The Peresvet (Russian: Пересвет, named after Alexander Peresvet, also a wordplay, pere-svet means “supra-light”) is a Russian laser weapon.

Most of the information about the complex remains secret; however, according to experts, it is supposed to perform the tasks of Air Defence and Missile defence.

The Peresvet is one of the six new Russian strategic weapons unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 01 March 2018.

Peresvet combat configuration.

Brief History

The system was revealed for the first time by Russian President Vladimir Putin during his message to the Federal Assembly on 01 March 2018. The equipment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation with the complexes began in 2017. On 01 December 2018, the Peresvet laser complex took over experimental combat duty. According to Valery Gerasimov, the Peresvet laser complexes have been on the combat duty since the beginning of December 2019. The complexes have been deployed with the road-mobile ICBM launchers with the task of covering their manoeuvres. According to Sergei Shoigu, as of 01 December 2019, Peresvet was deployed with five divisions of the Strategic Missile Forces.

Design

According to the military expert Igor Korotchenko, director of the Centre for Analysis of the World Trade in Arms, the Peresvet combat laser can be successfully used against unmanned aerial vehicles. At the same time, its effectiveness directly depends on environmental conditions; in good weather, it works perfectly, but fog, rain, snow and other adverse weather events can interfere with the passage of the laser beam. The expert also added that such installations consume a lot of electricity, so using them as a portable tool is unlikely to succeed; but in the future they will be able to protect military bases and other locations from penetrations of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) into their territory.

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