On This Day … 29 November

Events

  • 561 – Following the death of King Chlothar I at Compiègne, his four sons, Charibert I, Guntram, Sigebert I and Chilperic I, divide the Frankish Kingdom.
  • 618 – The Tang dynasty scores a decisive victory over their rival Xue Rengao at the Battle of Qianshuiyuan.
  • 903 – The Abbasid army under Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Katib defeats the Qarmatians at the Battle of Hama.
  • 1394 – The Korean king Yi Seong-gye, founder of the Joseon dynasty, moves the capital from Kaesŏng to Hanyang, today known as Seoul.
  • 1612 – The Battle of Swally takes place, which loosens the Portuguese Empire’s hold on India.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia, comes to an end with the arrival of British reinforcements.
  • 1807 – Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil: John VI of Portugal flees Lisbon from advancing Napoleonic forces during the Peninsular War, transferring the Portuguese court to Brazil (refer to Napoleonic Wars).
  • 1830 – November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia’s rule in Poland begins.
  • 1847 – The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • 1847 – Whitman massacre: Missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and 15 others are killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians, causing the Cayuse War.
  • 1850 – The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, is signed in Olomouc.
    • Prussia capitulates to Austria, which will take over the leadership of the German Confederation.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Fort Sanders: Union forces under Ambrose Burnside successfully defend Knoxville, Tennessee from Confederate forces under James Longstreet.
  • 1864 – American Indian Wars: Sand Creek massacre: Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho non-combatants inside Colorado Territory.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Spring Hill: The Confederate Army of Tennessee misses an opportunity to crush the Army of the Ohio.
  • 1872 – American Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.
  • 1890 – The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan, and the first Diet convenes.
  • 1929 – US Admiral Richard E. Byrd leads the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.
  • 1943 – World War II: The second session of the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ), held to determine the post-war ordering of the country, concludes in Jajce (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina).
  • 1944 – World War II: Albania is liberated by the Partisans.
    • Liberation Day or Dita e Çlirimit (Albania).
  • 1945 – The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.
  • 1947 – Partition Plan: The United Nations General Assembly approves a plan for the partition of Palestine.
  • 1947 – First Indochina War: French forces carry out a massacre at Mỹ Trạch, Vietnam.
  • 1952 – Korean War: US President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfils a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara announces his resignation.
  • 1986 – The Surinamese military attacks the village of Moiwana during the Suriname Guerrilla War, killing at least 39 civilians, mostly women and children.
  • 2007 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to the Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

People (Births)

  • 1831 – Frederick Townsend Ward, American sailor and soldier (d. 1862).
  • 1878 – John Derbyshire, English swimmer and water polo player (d. 1938).
  • 1881 – Artur Phleps, Romanian-German general (d. 1944).
  • 1881 – Abdülhalik Renda, Turkish civil servant and politician, 6th Turkish Minister of National Defence (d. 1957).
  • 1888 – Joe Slater, Australian footballer and captain (d. 1917).
  • 1900 – Mildred Gillars, American broadcaster, employed by Nazi Germany to disseminate propaganda during WWII (d. 1988).
  • 1924 – Charles E. Mower, American sergeant, Medal of Honour recipient (d. 1944).
  • 1928 – Paul Simon, American soldier and politician, 39th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois (d. 2003).
  • 1929 – Woo Yong-gak, North Korean soldier (d. 2012).
  • 1931 – André Noyelle, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003).
  • 1932 – Jacques Chirac, French soldier and politician, 22nd President of France (d. 2019).
  • 1976 – Lindsay Benko, American swimmer.
  • 1980 – Ilias Kasidiaris, Greek soldier and politician.
  • 1983 – Jennifer Oeser, German heptathlete.
  • 1995 – Siobhan-Marie O’Connor, English swimmer.

People (Births)

  • 1330 – Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1287).
  • 1342 – Michael of Cesena, Italian general, priest, and theologian (b. 1270).
  • 1595 – Alonso de Ercilla, Spanish soldier and poet (b. 1533).
  • 1626 – Ernst von Mansfeld, German commander (b. 1580).
  • 1628 – John Felton, English soldier and assassin of the Duke of Buckingham (b. c. 1595).
  • 1699 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish-Russian general (b. 1635).
  • 1830 – John Maurice Hauke, Polish general (b. 1775).
  • 1894 – Juan N. Méndez, Mexican general and interim president, 1876-1877 (b. 1820).
  • 1941 – Frank Waller, American sprinter and hurdler (b. 1884).
  • 1942 – Boyd Wagner, American colonel and pilot (b. 1916).
  • 1967 – Ferenc Münnich, Hungarian soldier and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1886).
  • 1970 – Robert T. Frederick, American general (b. 1907).
  • 1982 – Percy Williams, Canadian sprinter (b. 1908).
  • 1999 – Kazuo Sakamaki, Japanese soldier (b. 1918).
  • 2013 – Colin Eglin, South African soldier and politician (b. 1925).
  • 2014 – Dwayne Alons, American general and politician (b. 1946).
  • 2017 – Slobodan Praljak, Croatian general (b. 1945).
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