On This Day … 24 November

Events

  • 1227 – Gąsawa massacre: At an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa, Polish Prince Leszek the White, Duke Henry the Bearded and others are attacked by assassins while bathing.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc unsuccessfully besieges La Charité.
  • 1542 – Battle of Solway Moss: An English army defeats a much larger Scottish force near the River Esk in Dumfries and Galloway.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen’s Land (later renamed Tasmania).
  • 1850 – Danish troops defeat a Schleswig-Holstein force in the town of Lottorf, Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain: Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1922 – Nine Irish Republican Army members are executed by an Irish Free State firing squad. Among them is author Erskine Childers, who had been arrested for illegally carrying a revolver.
  • 1929 – The Finnish far-right Lapua Movement officially begins when a group of mainly the former White Guard members, led by Vihtori Kosola, interrupted communism occasion at the Workers’ House in Lapua, Finland.
  • 1940 – World War II: The First Slovak Republic becomes a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French Forces.
  • 1943 – World War II: At the battle of Makin the USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
  • 1944 – World War II: The 73rd Bombardment Wing launches the first attack on Tokyo from the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President John F. Kennedy and former US Marine, is killed by Jack Ruby.
  • 1965 – Joseph-Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and becomes President; he rules the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.
  • 1989 – After a week of mass protests against the Communist regime known as the Velvet Revolution, Miloš Jakeš and the entire Politburo of the Czechoslovak Communist Party resign from office.
    • This brings an effective end to Communist rule in Czechoslovakia.
  • 2015 – A Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 fighter jet is shot down by the Turkish Air Force over the Syria-Turkey border, killing one of the two pilots; a Russian marine is also killed during a subsequent rescue effort.
  • 2015 – An explosion on a bus carrying Tunisian Presidential Guard personnel in Tunisia’s capital Tunis leaves at least 14 people dead.
  • 2016 – The government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war.

People (Births)

  • 1729 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian field marshal (d. 1800).
  • 1784 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850).
  • 1869 – Óscar Carmona, Portuguese field marshal and politician, 11th President of Portugal (d. 1951).
  • 1885 – Christian Wirth, German SS officer (d. 1944).
  • 1887 – Raoul Paoli, French boxer and rower (d. 1960).
  • 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German field marshal (d. 1973).
  • 1893 – Charles F. Hurley, American soldier and politician, 54th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946).
  • 1904 – Albert Ross Tilley, Canadian captain and surgeon (d. 1988).
  • 1912 – Charles Schneeman, American soldier and illustrator (d. 1972).
  • 1916 – Forrest J Ackerman, American soldier and author (d. 2008).
  • 1929 – George Moscone, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 37th Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1978).
  • 1935 – Ron Dellums, American soldier and politician, 48th Mayor of Oakland (d. 2018).
  • 1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, American soldier and journalist, 17th White House Press Secretary.
  • 1962 – Tracey Wickham, Australian swimmer.
  • 1971 – Cosmas Ndeti, Kenyan runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1468 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402).
  • 1801 – Franz Moritz von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725).
  • 1916 – Hiram Maxim, American-English engineer, invented the Maxim gun (b. 1840).
  • 1922 – Erskine Childers, Irish soldier, journalist, and author (b. 1870).
  • 1943 – Doris Miller, American soldier and chef, Navy Cross recipient (b. 1919).
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy and former US Marine (b. 1939).
  • 1996 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish soldier and poet (b. 1911).
  • 2013 – Arnaud Coyot, French cyclist (b. 1980).
  • 2015 – Robert Ford, English general (b. 1923).
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