- 683 – During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.
- 932 – Abbasid caliph al-Muqtadir is killed while fighting against the forces of general Mu’nis al-Muzaffar.
- Al-Muqtadir’s brother al-Qahir is chosen to succeed him.
- 1863 – The New Zealand Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
- 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba: The “last successful cavalry charge in history”.
- 1918 – World War I: The Aster Revolution terminates the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, and Hungary achieves full sovereignty.
- 1922 – Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
- 1940 – World War II: The Battle of Britain ends: The United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion.
- 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 US Navy sailors.
- It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
- 1943 – World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception by a United States Navy or Marine Corps aircraft.
- 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
- 1956 – Hungarian Revolution of 1956: A Revolutionary Headquarters is established in Hungary.
- Following Imre Nagy’s announcement of 30 October, banned non-Communist political parties are reformed, and the MDP is replaced by the MSZMP. József Mindszenty is released from prison.
- The Soviet Politburo makes the decision to crush the Revolution.
- 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective 01 November.
- 1973 – Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin aboard a hijacked helicopter that landed in the exercise yard.
- 1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
- 1835 – Adelbert Ames, American general and politician, 27th Governor of Mississippi (d. 1933).
- 1848 – Boston Custer, American soldier (d. 1876).
- 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian lawyer, freedom fighter and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1950).
- 1881 – Toshizō Nishio, Japanese general (d. 1960).
- 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese general and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (d. 1975).
- 1895 – B.H. Liddell Hart, English soldier, historian, and theorist (d. 1970).
- 1917 – Gordon Steege, Australian soldier and pilot (d. 2013).
- 1925 – Robert B. Rheault, American colonel (d. 2013).
- 1930 – Michael Collins, American general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2021).
- 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner and sportscaster.
- 1950 – Antonio Taguba, Filipino-American general.
- 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner and pilot.
- 1984 – Amanda Pascoe, Australian swimmer.
- 1997 – Siobhán Bernadette Haughey, Hong Kong-Irish swimmer, Tokyo 2020 Olympic silver medallist with 2 new Asian records.
- 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral (b. 1597).
- 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish-English admiral and politician (b. 1775).
- 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American general (b. 1814).
- 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, English soldier and politician (b. 1857).
- 1916 – Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader and statesman (b. 1874).
- 1925 – Mikhail Frunze, Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 (b. 1885).
- 2006 – P.W. Botha, South African soldier and politician, State President of South Africa (b. 1916).
- 2012 – John H. Reed, American soldier and politician, 67th Governor of Maine (b. 1921).
- 2014 – David Manker Abshire, American commander and diplomat, United States Permanent Representative to NATO (b. 1926).
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