On This Day … 30 June

Events

  • 763 – The Byzantine army of emperor Constantine V defeats the Bulgarian forces in the Battle of Anchialus.
  • 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
  • 1521 – Spanish forces defeat a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France is mortally wounded in a jousting match against Gabriel, comte de Montgomery.
  • 1651 – The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising: The Battle of Berestechko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 – The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Habsburg Austrian forces destroy a Prussian reinforcement and supply convoy in the Battle of Domstadtl, helping to expel Prussian King Frederick the Great from Moravia.
  • 1794 – Northwest Indian War: Native American forces under Blue Jacket attack Fort Recovery.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein sends the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduces special relativity, for publication in Annalen der Physik.
  • 1916 – World War I: In “the day Sussex died”, elements of the Royal Sussex Regiment take heavy casualties in the Battle of the Boar’s Head at Richebourg-l’Avoué in France.
  • 1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
  • 1936 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appeals for aid to the League of Nations against Italy’s invasion of his country.
  • 1937 – The world’s first emergency telephone number, 999, is introduced in London.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1959 – A United States Air Force F-100 Super Sabre from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, crashes into a nearby elementary school, killing 11 students plus six residents from the local neighbourhood.
  • 1960 – Belgian Congo gains independence as Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville).
    • Independence Day.
  • 1977 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation disbands.
  • 1990 – East Germany and West Germany merge their economies.
  • 1997 – The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to China.
  • 2013 – Protests begin around Egypt against President Mohamed Morsi and the ruling Freedom and Justice Party, leading to their overthrow during the 2013 Egyptian coup d’état.
  • Armed Forces Day (Guatemala).
  • Navy Day (Israel).

People (Births)

  • 1641 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, German-English general (d. 1719).
  • 1893 – Walter Ulbricht, German soldier and politician (d. 1973).
  • 1907 – Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian general and politician (d. 1950).
  • 1914 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, Portuguese general and politician, 15th President of Portugal (d. 2001).
  • 1919 – Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon (d. 2007).
  • 1924 – Max Trepp, Swiss sprinter.
  • 1935 – John Harlin, American pilot and mountaineer (d. 1966).
  • 1938 – Billy Mills, American sprinter.
  • 1942 – Robert Ballard, American lieutenant and oceanographer.
  • 1963 – Olha Bryzhina, Ukrainian sprinter.
  • 1969 – Uta Rohländer, German sprinter.
  • 1972 – Sandra Cam, Belgian swimmer.
  • 1978 – Patrick Ivuti, Kenyan runner.
  • 1979 – Sylvain Chavanel, French cyclist.
  • 1983 – Marcus Burghardt, German cyclist.
  • 1985 – Michael Phelps, American swimmer.
  • 1987 – Andrew Hedgman, New Zealand runner.
  • 1989 – Asbel Kiprop, Kenyan runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1785 – James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (b. 1696).
  • 1934 – Karl Ernst, German soldier (b. 1904).
  • 1934 – Erich Klausener, German soldier and politician (b. 1885).
  • 1934 – Gregor Strasser, German lieutenant and politician (b. 1892).
  • 1934 – Kurt von Schleicher, German general and politician, 23rd Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882).
  • 1995 – Georgy Beregovoy, Ukrainian general and astronaut (b. 1921).
  • 2015 – Charles W. Bagnal, American general (b. 1934).
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