On This Day … 24 June

Events

  • 1312 BC – Mursili II launches a campaign against the Kingdom of Azzi-Hayasa.
  • 217 BC – Second Punic War: The Romans, led by Gaius Flaminius, are ambushed and defeated by Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.
  • 474 – Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 637 – The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dál Riata.
    • It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland.
  • 972 – Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.
  • 1128 – Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: Forces led by Afonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba.
  • 1230 – The Siege of Jaén begins, in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.
  • 1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce.
  • 1340 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys: The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.
  • 1497 – John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
  • 1571 – Miguel López de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
  • 1604 – Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present-day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
  • 1622 – Battle of Macau: The Dutch make a failed attempt to capture Macau.
  • 1663 – The Spanish garrison of Évora capitulates, following the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial.
  • 1762 – Battle of Wilhelmsthal: The British-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats French forces in Westphalia.
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande Armée crosses the Neman river beginning the invasion of Russia.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Battle of Beaver Dams: A British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.
  • 1821 – The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
  • 1859 – Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
  • 1866 – Battle of Custoza: An Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
  • 1913 – Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
  • 1932 – A bloodless revolution instigated by the People’s Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand).
  • 1939 – Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the country’s third prime minister.
  • 1940 – World War II: Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company.
  • 1943 – US military police attempt to arrest a black soldier in Bamber Bridge, England, sparking the Battle of Bamber Bridge mutiny that leaves one dead and seven wounded.
  • 1947 – Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
  • 1948 – Cold War: Start of the Berlin Blockade: The Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.
  • 1954 – First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass: Viet Minh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.
  • 1963 – The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government.
  • Army Day or Battle of Carabobo Day (Venezuela).
  • Bannockburn Day (Scotland).
  • Discovery Day, observed on the nearest Monday to June 24 (Newfoundland and Labrador).
  • Earliest day on which Armed Forces Day can fall, while June 30 is the latest; celebrated on the last Saturday in June. (United Kingdom).

People (Births)

  • 1360 – Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general.
  • 1661 – Hachisuka Tsunanori, Japanese daimyō (d. 1730).
  • 1753 – William Hull, American general and politician, 1st Governor of Michigan Territory (d. 1825).
  • 1774 – Antonio González de Balcarce, Argentinian commander and politician, 5th Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (d. 1819).
  • 1774 – François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer (d. 1838).
  • 1777 – John Ross, Scottish commander and explorer (d. 1856).
  • 1782 – Juan Larrea, Argentinian captain and politician (d. 1847).
  • 1784 – Juan Antonio Lavalleja, Uruguayan general and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 1853).
  • 1850 – Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Irish field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Sudan (d. 1916).
  • 1883 – Arthur L. Newton, American runner (d. 1956).
  • 1883 – Frank Verner, American runner (d. 1966).
  • 1884 – Frank Waller, American runner (d. 1941).
  • 1905 – Fred Alderman, American sprinter (d. 1998).
  • 1908 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian colonel (d. 1976).
  • 1913 – Gustaaf Deloor, Belgian cyclist and soldier (d. 2002).
  • 1916 – William B. Saxbe, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 70th United States Attorney General (d. 2010).
  • 1921 – Gerhard Sommer, German soldier.
  • 1927 – James B. Edwards, American dentist, soldier, and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Energy (d. 2014).
  • 1935 – Jean Milesi, French racing cyclist.
  • 1946 – Ellison Onizuka, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986).
  • 1951 – Raelene Boyle, Australian sprinter.
  • 1972 – Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist.
  • 1972 – Denis Žvegelj, Slovenian rower.
  • 1983 – Rebecca Cooke, English swimmer.
  • 1989 – Teklemariam Medhin, Eritrean runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1314 – Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, English commander (b. 1291).
  • 1314 – Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, English soldier and politician, Lord Warden of the Marches (b. 1274).
  • 1520 – Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese commander (b. 1489).
  • 1766 – Adrien Maurice de Noailles, French soldier and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1678).
  • 1835 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (b. 1769).
  • 1932 – Ernst Põdder, Estonian general (b. 1879).
  • 2014 – Olga Kotelko, Canadian runner and softball player (b. 1919).
  • 2015 – Susan Ahn Cuddy, American lieutenant (b. 1915).
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