Sowar (Hindi: सवार, Punjabi: ਸਵਾਰ, Urdu: سوار, also siwar meaning “the one who rides” or “rider”, from Persian sawār) was originally a rank during the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire.
During the British Raj it was the name in Anglo-Indian usage for a horse-soldier belonging to the cavalry troops of the native armies of British India and the feudal states.
It is also used more specifically for a mounted orderly, escort or guard.
It was also the rank held by ordinary cavalry troopers, equivalent to sepoy in the infantry – this rank has been inherited by the modern armies of India and Pakistan.
Countries Using Sowar
- Delhi Sultanate.
- Deccan Sultanates.
- Mughal Empire.
- Composite bow.
- Sowar has been used as the name of a line of wrist-watches by the Swiss West End Watch Co.