What is a Sowar?

Introduction

Sowar (Hindi: सवार, Punjabi: ਸਵਾਰ, Urdu: سوار‎, also siwar meaning “the one who rides” or “rider”, from Persian sawār) was originally a rank during the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire.

Background

During the British Raj it was the name in Anglo-Indian usage for a horse-soldier belonging to the cavalry troops of the native armies of British India and the feudal states.

It is also used more specifically for a mounted orderly, escort or guard.

It was also the rank held by ordinary cavalry troopers, equivalent to sepoy in the infantry – this rank has been inherited by the modern armies of India and Pakistan.

Countries Using Sowar

  • Delhi Sultanate.
  • Deccan Sultanates.
  • Mughal Empire.
  • India.
  • Pakistan.

Equipment Used

  • Composite bow.
  • Scimitar.
  • Spear.
  • Musket.

Trivia

  • Sowar has been used as the name of a line of wrist-watches by the Swiss West End Watch Co.
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