On This Day … 20 February

Events

  • 1339 – The Milanese army and the St. George’s (San Giorgio) Mercenaries of Lodrisio Visconti clash in the Battle of Parabiago; Visconti is defeated.
  • 1472 – Orkney and Shetland are pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Margaret of Denmark.
  • 1685 – René-Robert Cavelier establishes Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
  • 1813 – Manuel Belgrano defeats the royalist army of Pío de Tristán during the Battle of Salta.
  • 1846 – Polish insurgents lead an uprising in Kraków to incite a fight for national independence.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Olustee: The largest battle fought in Florida during the war.
  • 1865 – End of the Uruguayan War, with a peace agreement between President Tomás Villalba and rebel leader Venancio Flores, setting the scene for the destructive War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
  • 1913 – King O’Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • 1931 – An anarchist uprising in Encarnación, Paraguay, briefly transforms the city into a revolutionary commune.
  • 1933 – Adolf Hitler secretly meets with German industrialists to arrange for financing of the Nazi Party’s upcoming election campaign.
  • 1942 – Lieutenant Edward O’Hare becomes America’s first World War II flying ace.
  • 1943 – American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • 1944 – World War II: The “Big Week” began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centres.
  • 1944 – World War II: The United States takes Eniwetok Island.
  • 1956 – The United States Merchant Marine Academy becomes a permanent Service Academy.
  • 1959 – The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
  • 1971 – The United States Emergency Broadcast System is accidentally activated in an erroneous national alert.
  • 1988 – The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast votes to secede from Azerbaijan and join Armenia, triggering the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
  • 2009 – Two Tamil Tigers aircraft packed with C4 explosives en route to the national airforce headquarters are shot down by the Sri Lankan military before reaching their target, in a kamikaze style attack.

People (Births)

  • 1631 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English politician, Treasurer of the Navy (d. 1712).
  • 1726 – William Prescott, American colonel (d. 1795).
  • 1753 – Louis-Alexandre Berthier, French general and politician, French Minister of Defence (d. 1815).
  • 1774 – Vicente Sebastián Pintado, Spanish cartographer, engineer, military officer and land surveyor of Spanish Louisiana and Spanish West Florida (d. 1829).
  • 1888 – Georges Bernanos, French soldier and author (d. 1948).
  • 1901 – Muhammad Naguib, Egyptian general and politician, 1st President of Egypt (d. 1984).
  • 1904 – Alexei Kosygin, Russian soldier and politician, 8th Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1980).
  • 1912 – Johnny Checketts, New Zealand flying ace of the Second World War (d. 2006).
  • 1919 – James O’Meara, English soldier and pilot (d. 1974).
  • 1926 – Bob Richards, American Olympic track and field athlete.
  • 1991 – Hidilyn Diaz, Filipino weightlifter.

People (Deaths)

  • 1408 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English politician, Earl Marshal of the United Kingdom (b. 1342).
  • 1806 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-American general and politician (b. 1725).
  • 1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean rebel leader (b. 1767).
  • 1850 – Valentín Canalizo, Mexican general and politician. 14th President (1843–1844) (b. 1794).
  • 1893 – P. G. T. Beauregard, American general (b. 1818).
  • 1920 – Robert Peary, American admiral and explorer (b. 1856).
  • 1966 – Chester W. Nimitz, American admiral (b. 1885).
  • 1993 – Ernest L. Massad, American general (b. 1908).
  • 2003 – Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani air marshal (b. 1947).
  • 2003 – Orville Freeman, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 29th Governor of Minnesota (b. 1918).
  • 2010 – Alexander Haig, American general and politician, 59th United States Secretary of State (b. 1924).
  • 2014 – Walter D. Ehlers, American lieutenant, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1921).
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.