On This Day … 14 january

Events

  • 1539 – Spain annexes Cuba.
  • 1761 – The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marathas.
  • 1784 – American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States – Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
  • 1814 – Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes the Kingdom of Norway to Charles XIII of Sweden in return for Pomerania.
  • 1822 – Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrios Ypsilantis.
  • 1858 – Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt made by Felice Orsini and his accomplices in Paris.
  • 1939 – Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
  • 1943 – World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, the successful operation to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
  • 1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
  • 1953 – Josip Broz Tito is inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia.
  • 1967 – The New York Times reports that the US Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.
  • 1969 – USS Enterprise fire: An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 28 people.
  • 2010 – Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.
  • 2011 – Former president of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees his country to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies, asking for freedom, rights and democracy, considered as the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of the Arab Spring.
  • Defender of the Motherland Day (Uzbekistan).

People (Births)

  • 83 BC – Mark Antony, Roman general and politician (d. 30 BCE).
  • 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American-British general (d. 1801).
  • 1792 – Christian de Meza, Danish general (d. 1865).
  • 1806 – Charles Hotham, English-Australian soldier and politician, 1st Governor of Victoria (d. 1855).
  • 1850 – Pierre Loti, French captain and author (d. 1923).
  • 1863 – Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa, Portuguese general and politician, 10th President of Portugal (d. 1929).
  • 1894 – Ecaterina Teodoroiu, Romanian soldier and nurse (d. 1917).
  • 1897 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978).
  • 1899 – Carlos P. Romulo, Filipino soldier and politician, President of the United Nations General Assembly (d. 1985).
  • 1914 – Harold Russell, Canadian-American soldier and actor (d. 2002).
  • 1919 – Andy Rooney, American soldier, journalist, critic, and television personality (d. 2011).
  • 1942 – Gerben Karstens, Dutch cyclist.
  • 1978 – Shawn Crawford, American sprinter.
  • 1981 – Hyleas Fountain, American heptathlete.
  • 1982 – Thomas Longosiwa, Kenyan runner.
  • 1990 – Lelisa Desisa, Ethiopian runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1701 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese daimyō (b. 1628).
  • 1776 – Edward Cornwallis, English general and politician, Governor of Gibraltar (b. 1713).
  • 1907 – Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Scottish soldier and politician, 6th Governor of New Zealand (b. 1832).
  • 1970 – Asım Gündüz, Turkish general (b. 1880).
  • 1977 – Anthony Eden, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1897).
  • 1978 – Harold Abrahams, English sprinter, lawyer, and journalist (b. 1899).
  • 1981 – G. Lloyd Spencer, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1893).
  • 1997 – Dollard Ménard, Canadian general (b. 1913).
  • 2015 – Zhang Wannian, Chinese general (b. 1928).
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