On This Day … 30 December

Events

  • 999 – Battle of Glenmama: The combined forces of Munster and Meath under king Brian Boru inflict a crushing defeat on the allied armies of Leinster and Dublin near Lyons Hill in Ireland.
  • 1066 – Granada massacre: A Muslim mob storms the royal palace in Granada, crucifies Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacres most of the Jewish population of the city.
  • 1419 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of La Rochelle.
  • 1460 – Wars of the Roses: Lancastrians kill the 3rd Duke of York and win the Battle of Wakefield.
  • 1702 – Queen Anne’s War: James Moore, Governor of the Province of Carolina, abandons the Siege of St. Augustine.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York.
  • 1816 – The Treaty of St. Louis between the United States and the united Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi Indian tribes is proclaimed.
  • 1825 – The Treaty of St. Louis between the United States and the Shawnee Nation is proclaimed.
  • 1853 – Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest.
  • 1890 – Following the Wounded Knee Massacre, the United States Army and Lakota warriors face off in the Drexel Mission Fight.
  • 1896 – Filipino patriot and reform advocate José Rizal is executed by a Spanish firing squad in Manila.
  • 1897 – The British Colony of Natal annexes Zululand.
  • 1922 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is formed.
  • 1935 – The Italian Air Force bombs a Swedish Red Cross hospital during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
  • 1943 – Subhas Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.
  • 1947 – Cold War: King Michael I of Romania is forced to abdicate by the Soviet Union-backed Communist government of Romania.
  • 1952 – An RAF Avro Lancaster bomber crashed in Luqa, Malta after an engine failure, killing three crew members and a civilian on the ground.
  • 1958 – The Guatemalan Air Force sinks several Mexican fishing boats alleged to have breached maritime borders, killing three and sparking international tension.
  • 1965 – Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The United States halts heavy bombing of North Vietnam.
  • 1997 – In the worst incident in Algeria’s insurgency, the Wilaya of Relizane massacres, 400 people from four villages are killed.
  • 2006 – Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein is executed.
  • 2009 – A suicide bomber kills nine people at Forward Operating Base Chapman, a key facility of the Central Intelligence Agency in Afghanistan.
  • 2013 – More than 100 people are killed when anti-government forces attack key buildings in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

People (Births)

  • 1760 – Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general (d. 1829).
  • 1884 – Hideki Tōjō, Japanese general and politician, 40th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948).
  • 1887 – William Kolehmainen, Finnish-American runner and coach (d. 1967).
  • 1890 – Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, Mexican soldier and politician, 47th President of Mexico (1952-1958) who granted women the right to vote. (d. 1973).
  • 1934 – Joseph P. Hoar, American general.
  • 1935 – Omar Bongo, Gabonese lieutenant and politician, President of Gabon (d. 2009).
  • 1944 – William J. Fallon, American admiral.
  • 1945 – Paola Pigni, Italian runner.
  • 1949 – David Bedford, English runner.
  • 1950 – Martti Vainio, Finnish runner.
  • 1951 – Nick Rose, English runner.
  • 1968 – Sandra Glover, American hurdler.
  • 1973 – Ato Boldon, Trinidadian runner, sportscaster, and politician.
  • 1978 – Phillips Idowu, English triple jumper.
  • 1982 – Dathan Ritzenhein, American runner.
  • 1983 – Nick Symmonds, American runner.

People (Deaths)

  • 1769 – Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Irish-Austrian soldier and courtier (b. 1685).
  • 1968 – Trygve Lie, Norwegian journalist and politician, 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1896).
  • 1999 – Des Renford, Australian swimmer (b. 1927).
  • 2006 – Saddam Hussein, Iraqi general and politician, 5th President of Iraq (b. 1937).
  • 2006 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander police officer and spy (b. 1938).
  • 2013 – Kinnaird R. McKee, American admiral (b. 1929).
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