On This Day … 28 December

Events

  • 457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire and recognised by Emperor Leo I the Thracian.
  • 484 – Alaric II succeeds his father Euric and becomes king of the Visigoths.
    • He establishes his capital at Aire-sur-l’Adour (Southern Gaul).
  • 1659 – The Marathas defeat the Adilshahi forces in the Battle of Kolhapur.
  • 1768 – King Taksin’s coronation achieved through conquest as a king of Thailand and established Thonburi as a capital.
  • 1835 – Osceola leads his Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War against the United States Army.
  • 1836 – South Australia and Adelaide are founded.
  • 1836 – Spain recognises the independence of Mexico with the signing of the Santa María–Calatrava Treaty.
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Röntgen publishes a paper detailing his discovery of a new type of radiation, which later will be known as x-rays.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Anthropoid, the plot to assassinate high-ranking Nazi officer Reinhard Heydrich, commences.
  • 1943 – World War II: After eight days of brutal house-to-house fighting, the Battle of Ortona concludes with the victory of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division over the German 1st Parachute Division and the capture of the Italian town of Ortona.
  • 1956 – Chin Peng, David Marshall and Tunku Abdul Rahman meet in Baling, Malaya to try and resolve the Malayan Emergency situation.
  • 2006 – War in Somalia: The militaries of Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government and Ethiopian troops capture Mogadishu unopposed.

People (Births)

  • 1665 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire (d. 1716).
  • 1842 – Calixa Lavallée, Canadian-American lieutenant and composer (d. 1891).
  • 1856 – Woodrow Wilson, American historian and politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924).
  • 1870 – Charles Bennett, English runner (d. 1949).
  • 1898 – Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947).
  • 1933 – John Y. Brown Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 55th Governor of Kentucky.
  • 1940 – A.K. Antony, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Defence.
  • 1944 – Johnny Isakson, American sergeant and politician.
  • 1959 – Hansjörg Kunze, German runner and sportscaster.
  • 1964 – Maite Zúñiga, Spanish runner.
  • 1970 – James Jett, American sprinter and football player.
  • 1973 – Holger Blume, German sprinter.
  • 1973 – Marc Blume, German sprinter.
  • 1976 – Trond Nymark, Norwegian race walker.
  • 1977 – Derrick Brew, American sprinter.
  • 1977 – Seun Ogunkoya, Nigerian sprinter.
  • 1980 – Ryta Turava, Belarusian race walker.
  • 1982 – François Gourmet, Belgian decathlete.
  • 1984 – Duane Solomon, American runner.
  • 1990 – Ayele Abshero, Ethiopian runner.
  • 1990 – Bastiaan Lijesen, Dutch swimmer.
  • 1994 – Adam Peaty, English swimmer.

People (Deaths)

  • 925 – Wang Zongbi, general of the Chinese state of Former Shu.
  • 1367 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shōgun (b. 1330).
  • 1859 – Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, English historian and politician, Secretary at War (b. 1800).
  • 1900 – Alexandre de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese soldier and explorer (b. 1846).
  • 1917 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian captain and pilot (b. 1892).
  • 1942 – Alfred Flatow, German gymnast (b. 1869).
  • 1949 – Jack Lovelock, New Zealand runner and soldier (b. 1910).
  • 1959 – Ante Pavelić, Croatian fascist dictator during World War II (b. 1889).
  • 1968 – David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, soldier and courtier (b. 1893).
  • 1986 – John D. MacDonald, American colonel and author (b. 1916).
  • 2001 – Samuel Abraham Goldblith, American lieutenant, biologist, and engineer (b. 1919).
  • 2003 – Benjamin Thurman Hacker, American admiral (b. 1935).
  • 2013 – Harry C. Goode Jr., American soldier and politician, 51st Mayor of Melbourne, Florida (b. 1938).
  • 2013 – Andrew Jacobs, Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1932).
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