On This Day … 07 December

Events

  • 43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated in Formia.
  • 574 – Byzantine Emperor Justin II, suffering recurring seizures of insanity, adopts his general Tiberius and proclaims him as Caesar.
  • 1776 – Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, arranges to enter the American military as a major general.
  • 1837 – The Battle of Montgomery’s Tavern, the only battle of the Upper Canada Rebellion, takes place in Toronto, where the rebels are quickly defeated.
  • 1904 – Comparative fuel trials begin between warships HMS Spiteful and HMS Peterel: Spiteful was the first warship powered solely by fuel oil, and the trials led to the obsolescence of coal in ships of the Royal Navy.
  • 1917 – World War I: The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 1922 – The Parliament of Northern Ireland votes to remain a part of the United Kingdom and not unify with Southern Ireland.
  • 1932 – German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa.
  • 1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbour: The Imperial Japanese Navy carries out a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet and its defending Army and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.
    • For Japan’s near-simultaneous attacks on Eastern Hemisphere targets, see 08 December.
  • 1942 – World War II: British commandos conduct Operation Frankton, a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: The Government of the Republic of China moves from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan.
  • 1963 – Instant replay makes its debut during the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1971 – The Battle of Sylhet is fought between the Pakistani military and the Mukti Bahini.
  • Armed Forces Flag Day (India).
  • National Pearl Harbour Remembrance Day (United States).

People (Births)

  • 1561 – Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō (d. 1625).
  • 1764 – Claude Victor-Perrin, French general and politician (d. 1841).
  • 1861 – Henri Mathias Berthelot, French general during World War I (d. 1931).
  • 1863 – Felix Calonder, Swiss soldier and politician, 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1952).
  • 1884 – John Carpenter, American sprinter (d. 1933).
  • 1888 – Hamilton Fish III, American captain and politician (d. 1991).
  • 1893 – Hermann Balck, German general (d. 1982).
  • 1912 – Daniel Jones, Welsh captain and composer (d. 1993).
  • 1920 – Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist (d. 2012).
  • 1937 – Thad Cochran, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2019).
  • 1962 – Alain Blondel, French decathlete.
  • 1988 – Nathan Adrian, American swimmer.
  • 1990 – Aleksandr Menkov, Russian long jumper.

People (Deaths)

  • 43 BC – Cicero, Roman philosopher, lawyer, and politician (b. 106 BC).
  • 1775 – Charles Saunders, English admiral and politician (b. 1715).
  • 1793 – Joseph Bara, French soldier and drummer (b. 1779).
  • 1803 – Küçük Hüseyin Pasha, Turkish admiral and politician (b. 1757).
  • 1815 – Michel Ney, German-French general (b. 1769).
  • 1817 – William Bligh, English admiral and politician, 4th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1745).
  • 1960 – Ioannis Demestichas, Greek admiral and politician (b. 1882).
  • 1985 – Potter Stewart, American soldier and jurist (b. 1915).
  • 2012 – Roelof Kruisinga, Dutch physician and politician, Dutch Minister of Defence (b. 1922).
  • 2012 – Ralph Parr, American colonel and pilot (b. 1924).
  • 2015 – Jesse C. Deen, American soldier and politician (b. 1922).
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