On This Day … 06 October

Events

  • 105 BC – Cimbrian War: Defeat at the Battle of Arausio accelerates the Marian reforms of the Roman army.
  • 69 BC – Third Mithridatic War: Forces of the Roman Republic subdue Armenia.
  • AD 23 – Rebels decapitate Wang Mang two days after his capital was sacked during a peasant rebellion.
  • 618 – Transition from Sui to Tang: Wang Shichong decisively defeats Li Mi at the Battle of Yanshi.
  • 1539 – Spain’s DeSoto expedition takes over the Apalachee capital of Anhaica for their winter quarters.
  • 1762 – Seven Years’ War: The British Capture Manila from Spain and occupy it.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces capture Forts Clinton and Montgomery on the Hudson River.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: King Louis XVI is forced to change his residence from Versailles to the Tuileries Palace.
  • 1849 – The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1884 – The Naval War College of the United States is founded in Rhode Island.
  • 1908 – The Bosnian crisis erupts when Austria-Hungary formally annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1923 – The Turkish National Movement enters Constantinople.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Kock is the final combat of the September Campaign in Poland.
  • 1942 – World War II: American troops force the Japanese from their positions east of the Matanikau River on Guadalcanal.
  • 1943 – World War II: Thirteen civilians are burnt alive by a paramilitary group in Crete.
  • 1944 – World War II: Units of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps enter Czechoslovakia during the Battle of the Dukla Pass.
  • 1973 – Egypt and Syria launch coordinated attacks against Israel, beginning the Yom Kippur War.
  • 1976 – Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 is destroyed by two bombs, placed on board by an anti-Castro militant group.
  • 1976 – Dozens are killed by the Thai army in the Thammasat University massacre.
  • 1977 – The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
  • Yom Kippur War commemorations:
    • Armed Forces Day (Egypt).
    • Tishreen Liberation Day (Syria).

People (Births)

  • 1610 – Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French general (d. 1690).
  • 1716 – George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1771).
  • 1769 – Isaac Brock, English general and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1812).
  • 1838 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian soldier, poet, and author (d. 1910).
  • 1866 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian engineer and academic, invented radiotelephony (d. 1932).
  • 1888 – Roland Garros, French soldier and pilot (d. 1918).
  • 1916 – Chiang Wei-kuo, Japanese-Chinese general (d. 1997).
  • 1918 – Goh Keng Swee, Singaporean soldier and politician, 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (d. 2010).
  • 1919 – Siad Barre, Somalian general and politician, later president (d. 1995).
  • 1930 – Hafez al-Assad, Syrian general and politician, 20th President of Syria (d. 2000).
  • 1941 – Paul Popham, American soldier and activist, co-founded Gay Men’s Health Crisis (d. 1987).
  • 1944 – Patrick Cordingley, English general.

People (Deaths)

  • 836 – Nicetas the Patrician, Byzantine general.
  • 997 – Minamoto no Mitsunaka, Japanese samurai (b. 912).
  • 1688 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English soldier and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica (b. 1652).
  • 1945 – Leonardo Conti, German SS officer (b. 1900).
  • 1981 – Anwar Sadat, Egyptian colonel and politician, 3rd President of Egypt, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918).
  • 2012 – Chadli Bendjedid, Algerian colonel and politician, 3rd President of Algeria (b. 1929).
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