On This Day … 05 October

Events

  • 610 – Heraclius arrives at Constantinople, kills Byzantine Emperor Phocas, and becomes emperor.
  • 816 – King Louis the Pious is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope.
  • 1143 – King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: The Women’s March on Versailles effectively terminates royal authority.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: The Army of the Northwest defeats, at the Battle of the Thames, a British and Native Canadian force threatening Detroit.
  • 1877 – The Nez Perce War in the northwestern United States comes to an end.
  • 1905 – The Wright brothers pilot the Wright Flyer III in a new world record flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes.
  • 1910 – In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared.
  • 1914 – World War I: An aircraft successfully destroys another aircraft with gunfire.
  • 1943 – Ninety-eight American POWs are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.
  • 1974 – Bombs planted by the PIRA kill four British soldiers and one civilian.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu’s story in The Sunday Times reveals Israel’s secret nuclear weapons.
  • 1988 – A Chilean opposition coalition defeats Augusto Pinochet in his re-election attempt.
  • 1991 – An Indonesian Air Force C-130 crash kills 135 people.
  • 2000 – Mass demonstrations in Serbia force the resignation of Slobodan Milošević.
  • Armed Forces Day (Indonesia).

People (Births)

  • 1829 – Chester A. Arthur, American general, lawyer, and politician, 21st President of the United States (d. 1886).
  • 1913 – Eugene B. Fluckey, American admiral, Medal of Honour recipient (d. 2007).
  • 1914 – Zhang Zhen, Chinese general and politician (d. 2015).
  • 1922 – Bil Keane, American soldier and cartoonist (d. 2011).
  • 1926 – Avraham Adan, Israeli general (d. 2012).
  • 1929 – Richard F. Gordon Jr., American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2017).
  • 1930 – Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2009).
  • 1959 – Maya Lin, American architect and sculptor, designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and Civil Rights Memorial.
  • 1976 – Ramzan Kadyrov, Russian-Chechen general and politician, 3rd President of the Chechen Republic.

People (Deaths)

  • 1802 – Sanité Bélair, Haitian freedom fighter (b. 1781).
  • 1805 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1738).
  • 1813 – Tecumseh, American tribal leader (b. 1768).
  • 1918 – Roland Garros, French soldier and pilot (b. 1888).
  • 1930 – Christopher Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, Indian-English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Air (b. 1875).
  • 1933 – Nikolai Yudenich, Russian general (b. 1862).
  • 2001 – Mike Mansfield, American soldier, politician, and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to Japan (b. 1903).
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