On This Day … 04 October

Events

  • AD 23 – Rebels sack the Chinese capital Chang’an during a peasant rebellion.
  • 1302 – The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.
  • 1363 – Battle of Lake Poyang: In one of the largest naval battles in history, Zhu Yuanzhang’s rebels defeat rival Chen Youliang.
  • 1582 – The Gregorian Calendar is introduced by Pope Gregory XIII.
  • 1597 – Governor Gonzalo Méndez de Canço begins to suppress a native uprising against his rule in what is now Georgia.
  • 1636 – Thirty Years’ War: The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.
  • 1693 – Nine Years’ War: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under William Howe.
  • 1795 – Napoleon first rises to prominence by suppressing counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention.
  • 1824 – Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution takes legal form when the provisional government secedes from the Netherlands.
  • 1853 – The Crimean War begins when the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Broodseinde is fought between the British and German armies in Flanders.
  • 1918 – World War I: An explosion kills more than 100 people and destroys a Shell Loading Plant in New Jersey.
  • 1936 – The British Union of Fascists and various anti-fascist organizations violently clash in the Battle of Cable Street.
  • 1958 – The current constitution of France is adopted.
  • 1966 – Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.
  • 1967 – Omar Ali Saifuddien III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son.
  • 1992 – The Rome General Peace Accords end a 16-year civil war in Mozambique.
  • 1993 – Battle of Mogadishu occurs killing 18 US Special Forces, two UN Peacekeepers and at least 600 Somalian militia men and civilians.
  • 1993 – Tanks bombard the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Yeltsin rally outside.
  • 2017 – Joint Nigerian-American Special Forces are ambushed by Islamic State militants outside the village of Tongo Tongo.

People (Births)

  • 1626 – Richard Cromwell, English academic and politician, Lord Protector of Great Britain (d. 1712).
  • 1768 – Francisco José de Caldas, Colombian naturalist, executed by royalists in the war of independence (d. 1816).
  • 1822 – Rutherford B. Hayes, American general, lawyer, and politician, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893).
  • 1881 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (d. 1948).
  • 1892 – Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian soldier and politician, 14th Federal Chancellor of Austria (d. 1934).
  • 1896 – Dorothy Lawrence, English reporter, who secretly posed as a man to become a soldier during World War I (d. 1964).
  • 1903 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and academic, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (d. 1995).
  • 1903 – Pierre Garbay, French general (d. 1980).
  • 1924 – Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author (d. 2012).
  • 1942 – Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 1967).
  • 1946 – Chuck Hagel, American sergeant and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Defence.
  • 1946 – Michael Mullen, American admiral.
  • 1960 – Henry Worsley, English colonel and explorer (d. 2016).

People (Deaths)

  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
  • 1646 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English courtier and politician, Earl Marshal of the United Kingdom (b. 1586).
  • 1743 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish commander and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Surrey (b. 1678).
  • 1749 – Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711).
  • 1851 – Manuel Godoy, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1767).
  • 1904 – Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor, designed the Statue of Liberty (b. 1834).
  • 1943 – Irena Iłłakowicz, German-Polish lieutenant (b. 1906).
  • 1955 – Alexander Papagos, Greek general and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1883).
  • 1997 – Otto Ernst Remer, German general (b. 1912).
  • 2004 – Gordon Cooper, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927).
  • 2007 – Qassem Al-Nasser, Jordanian general (b. 1925).
  • 2009 – Günther Rall, German general and pilot (b. 1918).
  • 2013 – John Cloudsley-Thompson, Pakistani-English commander (b. 1921).
  • 2013 – Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general and politician, 3rd Minister of Defence for Vietnam (b. 1911).
  • 2013 – Nicholas Oresko, American sergeant, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1917).
  • 2015 – William A. Culpepper, American general, lawyer, and judge (b. 1916).
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