On This Day … 01 October

Events

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England, in succession to Eadwig.
  • 1730 – Ahmed III is forced to abdicate as the Ottoman sultan.
  • 1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at the Battle of Kinburn.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – More than a year after the Battle of Sprimont, the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) are officially annexed by Revolutionary France.
  • 1800 – Via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain cedes Louisiana to France, which would sell the land to the United States thirty months later.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
  • 1887 – Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1908 – Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force captures Damascus.
  • 1918 – Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.
  • 1936 – Spanish Civil War: Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1936 – Spanish Civil War: The Central Committee of Antifascist Militias of Catalonia dissolves itself, handing control of Catalan defence militias over to the Generalitat.[6]
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.
  • 1942 – World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru, not knowing that she is carrying British prisoners of war from Hong Kong.
  • 1943 – World War II: After the Four Days of Naples, Allied troops enter the city.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
  • 1946 – The Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied-occupied Korea.
  • 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is established.
  • 1953 – A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 – The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency is formed, becoming the country’s first centralised military intelligence organisation.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – The first practical CT scanner is used to diagnose a patient.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1982 – Sony and Phillips launch the compact disc in Japan.
    • On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
  • 1985 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Israel attacks the Palestine Liberation Organisation headquarters in Tunisia during “Operation Wooden Leg”.
  • 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
  • 2000 – Israel-Palestinian conflict: Palestinians protest the murder of 12-year-old Muhammad al-Durrah by the Israeli police in northern Israel, beginning the “October 2000 events”.
  • 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
  • Armed Forces Day (South Korea).
  • Ground Forces Day (Russia).
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Cyprus from United Kingdom in 1960..
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Nigeria from United Kingdom in 1960.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Palau from the UN Trust Territory status in 1994.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Tuvalu from United Kingdom in 1978.

People (Births)

  • 1791 – Sergey Aksakov, Russian soldier and author (d. 1859).
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer and businessman, founded the Boeing Company (d. 1956).
  • 1887 – Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general (d. 1945).
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, American captain and politician, 37th Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998).
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, American naval lieutenant and politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 1931 – Anwar Shamim, Pakistani general (d. 2013).

People (Deaths)

  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American general (b. 1906).
  • 2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923).
  • 2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927).
  • 2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915).
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