On This Day … 27 September

Events

  • 1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the Somme river, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
  • 1331 – The Battle of Płowce between the Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
  • 1422 – After the brief Gollub War, the Teutonic Knights sign the Treaty of Melno with Poland and Lithuania
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when Suleiman I attacks the city.
  • 1605 – The armies of Sweden are defeated by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1669 – The Venetians surrender the fortress of Candia to the Ottomans, thus ending the 21-year-long Siege of Candia.
  • 1777 – American Revolution: Lancaster, Pennsylvania becomes the capital of the United States for one day after Congress evacuates Philadelphia.
  • 1916 – Iyasu V is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zewditu.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
  • 1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched, becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
  • 1942 – Last day of the Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marines barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces.
  • 1944 – The Kassel Mission results in the largest loss by a USAAF group on any mission in World War II.
  • 1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first person to exceed Mach 3.
    • Shortly thereafter, the Bell X-2 goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
  • 1962 – The Yemen Arab Republic is established.
  • 1964 – The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 makes its maiden flight.
  • 1988 – The National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and others to fight dictatorship in Myanmar.
  • 1991 – Independence Day (Turkmenistan), celebrates the independence of Turkmenistan from USSR.
  • 1993 – The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
  • 1996 – The Battle of Kabul ends in a Taliban victory, who establish the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

People (Births)

  • 1544 – Takenaka Shigeharu, Japanese samurai (d. 1579).
  • 1598 – Robert Blake, English admiral (d. 1657).
  • 1765 – Antoine Philippe de La Trémoille, French general (d. 1794).
  • 1783 – Agustín de Iturbide, Mexican royalist turned insurgent; first emperor of Mexico (d. 1824).
  • 1803 – Samuel Francis Du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865).
  • 1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American general (d. 1862).
  • 1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American general (d. 1887).
  • 1838 – Lawrence Sullivan Ross, American general and politician, 19th Governor of Texas (d. 1898).
  • 1840 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (d. 1914).
  • 1894 – Lothar von Richthofen, German lieutenant and pilot (d. 1922).
  • 1896 – Sam Ervin, American soldier and politician (d. 1985).
  • 1919 – Charles H. Percy, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2011).
  • 1932 – Michael Colvin, English captain and politician (d. 2000).

People (Deaths)

  • 765 – Pugu Huai’en, Chinese general during the Tang Dynasty.
  • 1876 – Braxton Bragg, American general (b. 1817).
  • 1942 – Douglas Albert Munro, United States Coast Guard signalman, posthumously awarded Medal of Honour, (b. 1919).
  • 1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1896).
  • 2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929).
    • In 1959, Mack joined the US Air Force, serving as a medic in Japan, where he rose to the rank of captain.
  • 2006 – Helmut Kallmeyer, German chemist and soldier (b. 1910).
  • 2013 – Elvin R. Heiberg III, American general and engineer (b. 1932).
  • 2016 – David Hahn, American Boy Scout famous for attempting to build a nuclear reactor in a shed in his backyard (b. 1976).
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