On This Day … 25 September

Events

  • 46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to Venus Genetrix, fulfilling a vow he made at the Battle of Pharsalus.
  • 715 – Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne.
  • 1087 – William II is crowned King of England, and reigns until 1100.
  • 1345 – Friso-Hollandic Wars: Frisians defeat Holland in the Battle of Warns.
  • 1371 – Serbian-Turkish wars: Ottoman Turks fought against a Serbian army at the Battle of Maritsa.
  • 1580 – Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth.
  • 1687 – Morean War: The Parthenon in Athens, used as a gunpowder depot by the Ottoman garrison, is partially destroyed after being bombarded during the Siege of the Acropolis by Venetian forces.
  • 1688 – The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange’s invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1777 – American Revolution: British troops occupy Philadelphia.
  • 1799 – War of the 2nd Coalition: Franco-Swiss troops defeat Austro-Russian forces, leading to the collapse of Suvorov’s campaign.
  • 1907 – Four months after the 1907 Imperial Conference, New Zealand and Newfoundland are promoted from colonies to dominions within the British Empire.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Polygon Wood begins.
  • 1918 – World War I: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive began which would last until the total surrender of German forces.
  • 1923 – The German government accepts the occupation of the Ruhr.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Senior SS official August Frank issues a memorandum detailing how Jews should be “evacuated”.
  • 1950 – Korean War: United Nations troops recapture Seoul from North Korean forces.
  • 1953 – Rationing of sugar in the United Kingdom ends.
  • 1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
  • 1983 – Soviet Air Force officer Stanislav Petrov identifies a report of an incoming nuclear missile as a computer error and not an American first strike.
  • 1984 – The United Kingdom and China agree to a transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, to take place in 1997..
  • 2008 – Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel.

People (Births)

  • 1406 – Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1430).
  • 1711 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, First Lord of the Admiralty (d. 1779).
  • 1750 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, English admiral (d. 1810).
  • 1887 – Barnes Wallis, English scientist and engineer, invented the Bouncing bomb (d. 1979).
  • 1895 – Jürgen Stroop, German general (d. 1952).
  • 1897 – Arthur Rhys-Davids, English lieutenant and pilot (d. 1917).
  • 1909 – A. P. Hamann, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1977).
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness expert (d. 2011).

People (Deaths)

  • 862 – Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi, Muslim military leader (b. c. 790).
  • 1536 – Didier de Saint-Jaille, 46th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller.
  • 1626 – Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese daimyō (b. 1554).
  • 1959 – Leslie Morshead, Australian general (b. 1889).
  • 1965 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish soldier and pilot (b. 1898).
  • 2006 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, American wartime propaganda broadcaster (b. 1916).
  • 2015 – Sidney Phillips, American soldier, physician, and author (b. 1924).
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